HOLTHUS / HOLTHOUSE - a name which, in researching it, brings out the closeness of the German sugar refining community in the area of Wellclose Square.
In the Hoya area of rural Germany, a few miles NW of Hanover, is Bücken, with a number of outlying villages each contributing to its church registers. These registers show the baptism of Carsten Albert Holthus, 25 July 1738, son of Johann Heinrich Holthus and Christina Dorothea Ehlers, who had married 23 Nov 1730. Johann Heinrich was baptised 1690, the son of Cord Heinrich. A family tree shows the Holthus family in Nordholz back to 1608. The tree and registers also show marriages between various members of the Holthus, Dirs, and Engelke families in Nordholz, Calle, and Warpe, with the name Ludike also mentioned.
In the Wellclose Square area of St George's in the East, London, in the period either side of 1800, these names Holthouse, Dirs, Engelke and Ludekins appear again, now having family and/or business connections with the Dettmar, Mertens, Lilkendey, Dolge, Batger and Witte sugar refining families.
In the will of Carston Dirs I, who died 1777 aged 66, he mentions his sugar house in Shorter Street, Wellclose Square, being run by Carsten Holthouse I, and there are directory entries showing the refinery of Dirs & Holthouse 1781-1800 - the latter being the year of the death of Carsten Holthouse I. In his will, proved 14 Aug 1800 to the sum of not more than £10,000, Carsten Holthouse I names Carsten Dirs II, who must have been his business partner, as his sole executor. (When his time came, Carsten Dirs II, who died 1819 aged 60, named Ludwig Witte, George Dettmar, and his own son, as executors.) Carsten Holthouse I married Mary Dolge, daughter of Joachim Frederick Dolge, 30 June 1778, at Little Ilford, Essex. There is evidence of 3 children Carsten 1778-1779, Carsten II 1782, and Mary 1792.
Carsten Holthouse II followed his father's trade. In or about 1805 he went into partnership with William Detmar in the business of sugar refining at premises in Bath Terrace on Back Lane, and later in Breezers Hill and Virginia Street, until William's death in 1824. Carsten Holthouse II married, for a second time, in 1809, and in 1816 leased residential property in Upper Edmonton, borrowing capital from Sophia Dirs. In 1823 he extended the lease on the property, and from the events following William Detmar's untimely death it is clear that he was over-extending himself financially.
William Detmar, of Upton, Essex died July 1824, aged 38,
leaving a widow Mary Anne, and no will. Over the next couple of years,
the full extent of Carsten's financial plight was brought to light. He
owed the estate of William Detmar over £10,000. He borrowed
and mortgaged further, and relinquished his interests in all the
business premises in order to pay his debts. This done, Mary Ann Detmar
immediately leased back to him the sugar house in Back Lane at
£386 pa. During 1830 the refinery was destroyed by fire -
Carsten rebuilt it, installing the very latest steam equipment at great
expense, and so increasing the value of the property, however, he went
bankrupt in 1833.
Carsten Holthouse II married Mary Kahler soon after his father's death in 1800; they had 5 children of whom 3 died in infancy.
Mary lived with her married daughter's family in 1841 and died in Whitechapel Workhouse in 1848. However, Carsten married Harriet Parkin in late 1809; they had 5 sons - a surgeon, a lawyer, a vicar, and 2 who
emigrated to Australia. Their children, in turn, appear to have
followed these professions. After Harriet's death in 1844, Carsten married Anna
Maria Staple in 1849, by which time he appears to have been a wine merchant in
His headstone in St Mary's churchyard, Smallcombe Vale, Bath.
Much of this information is contained in the Holthouse
Collection at NRO. The Collection was made by Edwin Hermus Holthouse,
surgeon and eye specialist, and grandson of Carsten Holthouse II, who
acquired the advowson of Hellidon, Northamptonshire, from his uncle,
Charles Scrafton Holthouse, brother of Carsten III, and vicar of
[I am grateful to the staff of Northamptonshire Record Office for their help with this research.]
* CHI signed a marriage bond 29 June 1778 and married Mary Dolge 30 June 1778. (Little Ilford, Essex)