WILLS & ADMONS - Pt II

 

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FELLING, Rener - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/821, 1756
In the Name of God Amen. I Rener Felling of St John the Evangelist Westminster Sugar Refiner ...
* To his nephew Benjamin Felling £5.
* All the rest and residue of his estate both real and personal after his debts have been paid to his dear wife Eleonora Felling and appoints her his sole executrix.
Signed with the mark of Rener Felling 9 March 1752.
Witnesses: John Hammond, Thomas Littlefear.

Proved at London 1 March 1756 by the oath of Eleanor otherwise Eleonora Felling widow and sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1821 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FENDALL, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1204, 1791
This is the last will and testament of me John Fendall of Great Portland Street, London [Doctor, Sugar Broker] ...
* He is possessed of a messuage lands hereditaments with appurtenances called Dudshill in Upper Sapey, Herefordshire left him in the will of his late uncle William Barnes Clark subject to certain legacies, some discharged some not. He hereby gives this property to his friends George Savage of Middle Hill, Worcestershire and Edward Rogers of Dowdeswell, Gloucestershire and their executors for a term of 500 years from the date of his death upon trust and on the expiration of the term or sooner ...
... to his wife Sarah Fendall for her natural life, and after her death to his son John Fendall and his heirs for ever. And if his son John Fendall dies in his lifetime then the property to his daughters Mary Fendall and Harriett Fendall and their heirs for ever ...
... and his trustees to use "the 500 year term" to raise mortgages where necessary to honour the legacies that remain unpaid; once the legacies have been discharged then the "500 year term" ceases to exist. He asks his son John Fendall to take the estate in lieu of any money owed to him.
* All his personal property to his wife Sarah Fendall and he appoints her as his sole executrix.
Signed : John Fendall 11 November 1786.
Witnesses : Wm Hopkins, John Hen_, Charles Stephens.

Proved at London 6 May 1791 by the oath of Sarah Fendall widow to whom admon was granted.

(I believe this John Fendall to have been a Doctor/Surgeon in 1763, and to have gone into partnership with James Lodge sugar merchant/broker in 1777. Fendall invested a large sum of money into the business only for Lodge to immediately pay his own debts with it and bankrupt the partnership. Proceedings began in early 1778, the case in Chancery of "Lodge v Fendall" was part of them, but the proceedings were not completed until after John Fendall's death in February 1791. A second case in Chancery "Fendall v Nash" followed and dealt with the protection of children of bankrupt parents ... these children named above and elder son William - mentioned in William's own will. Full details in "The curious case of John Gardner's ledger" on my Gloucester page.]

[TNA PROB 11/1204 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FINCKE, Johan Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2073, 1848
This is the last will and testament of me Johan Christian Fincke of 60 Breezers Hill in the parish of St George, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Emily £200, and all his household furniture, plate, china, wearing apparel, and other household effects.
* All residue of estate to his executors upon trust to sell, and then invest the proceeds, so as to pay the interest and dividends to his wife Emily, through her natural life providing she remains his widow and brings up his children namely, John Albert, Emily Catherine, and Mary Anne. And on the death of his wife to be equally divided amongst his children.
* Appoints his friends Diederich Schwinge of Christian St scum boiler, and Archibald Blair McGuffie of Hackney gent, as his executors.
Signed : Johan Christian Fincke on 20 July 1846.
Witnesses : W L Howell of Ratcliffe Highway and ? Barrett.

Proved at London on 13 April 1848 by the oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/2073 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FISHER, Edward - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1569, 1815
This is the last Will and testament of me Edward Fisher now of Bethnal Green but late of East Smithfield Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Sarah Fisher all his chattels real estate household furniture monies and all other property of which he is possessed and he appoints her his sole executrix.
Signed: Edward Fisher 18 January 1800.
Witnesses: Tom James, Mary Taylor.

Proved at London 15 June 1815 by the oath of Sarah Fisher widow and sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1569 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FOWLES, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/548, 1715
In the Name of God Amen. I John Fowles of Battersea, Surrey, Sugar Boyler ...
* To his wife Elizabeth Fowles all his ready money, goods and chattells and securities for money and all other estate, and appoints her his sole executrix.
Signed : John Fowles 2 July 1715
Witnesses : Johan Foot, the mark of Dorothy Kington, George Kemp.

Proved at London by the oath of Elizabeth Fowles widow and relict.

[TNA PROB 11/548 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRALEY, Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1034, 1777
In the Name of God Amen. I Christian Fraley of Old Fish Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his son Christopher Fraley £500.
* To his daughter Ann Fraley £500, and all his plate for her own use and benefit.
* To his daughter Elizabeth Fraley £500.
* To his son John Fraley, now a minor, £300, however if his son John Fraley has not reached the age of 24 years all his legacies to be turned into money and invested in public stock by his executors, the interest and dividends to be used for the maintenance and support until that age when the monies shall be transferred to him. If he shall die before the age of 24 years the monies to be divided equally amongst his surviving brother and sisters.
* To his daughters Ann Fraley and Elizabeth Fraley all his household goods and furniture linen china pictures and other ornaments and implements to be equally shared.
* To his friends Carsten Innecken of Thames St sugar refiner and Robert Manning his (Fraley's) partner in trade a guinea ring to wear in memory of him.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be equally divided amogst his four children, Christopher, Ann, Elizabeth and John.
* Appoints his son Christopher Fraley and the said Carsten Innecken and Robert Manning as his executors and guardians of the person and estate of his son John Fraley.
Signed: Christian Fraley 8 September 1775.
Witnesses: John Empey, Deborah King, Daniel King.

Proved at London 23 August 1777 by the oaths of Christopher Fraley, Carsten Innecken and Robert Manning to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1034 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRALEY, Christopher - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1113, 1784
In the Name of God Amen. I Christopher Fraley of Little Knight Rider Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* Asks his executors to lay out £750 in the purchase of an annuity for his sister Ann Goebell for her benefit during her natural life.
* To his sister Elizabeth Fraley £750 for her own use.
* To his brother John Fraley £500, the sum to be invested in stock by his executors in their own names he to receive the interest and dividends for the first five years and after that, if he wishes, the stock to be transfered to his own name.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his sister Elizabeth Fraley.
* Appoints his good friends Robert Manning and Thomas Carr as his executors.
Signed: Christopher Fraley 13 September 1783.
Witnesses: Thomas Armiger, Thomas Deeble.

Proved at London 26 February 1784 by the oath Robert Manning and Thomas Carr the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1113 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRANCK, George Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/911, 1765
This is the last Will and Testament of me George Henry Franck of St Ann's Lane Westminster Sugar Refiner ...
* All his estate both real and pesonal ready money securities for money goods chattels debts and effects to his wife Elizabeth Franck.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Franck as his sole executrix.
Signed: George Henry Franck 29 April 1765.
Witnesses: Wm Harrison Attorney College St Westminster, Henry Harrison sen.

12 September 1765 admon (with will annexed) was granted to Richard Bristow and Philip Hall creditors of the deceased they having been first sworn to administer Elizabeth Franck widow relict and sole executor of the deceased first renouncing the execution thereof.

[TNA PROB 11/911 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRANCKWELL, Daniel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1453, 1806
This is the last Will and Testament of me Daniel Franckwell of Shorter Street Wellclose Square Sugar Cooper ...
* To James Fleming of Whitechapel smith and Daniel Mann of Wellclose Sq gent all his household effects and personal estate money and securities for money debts upon trust to be invested in public funds, the interest and dividends to be towards the maintenance support and education of his granddaughter Elizabeth Smith now aged nine years the daughter of Thomas Smith and his (Franckwell's) late daughter Elizabeth Smith deceased until she attain the age of 21 years or marries at which time the whole of the estate to be applied to her.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To the said James Fleming and Daniel Mann £20 for their troubles.
* To Ruth ___ his servant now living with him £10.
* Appoints the said James Fleming and Daniel Mann as his executors.
Signed: Daniel Franckwell 22 May 1806.
Witnesses: John Goodesone 18 Wellclose Sq, Robt Henderson Attorney Gt Prescott St.

Proved at London 10 December 1806 by the oaths of James Fleming and Daniel Man (by mistake Mann in the will) to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1453 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRYER, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1670, 1823
In the Name of God Amen. I John Fryer of Upper Homerton, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To be buried in a coffin of oak and lead, 'in a vault belonging to me in Hackney new church yard' with his two infant children.
* To his nephews William Fryer of London, and Christopher Fryer of Masham in Yorkshire, the two eldest sons of his brother George Fryer, his freehold three-pan sugarhouse with two dwelling houses adjoining in Duncan Street, Whitechapel, together with the one-pan scumhouse, yards, gardens, and premises at the same, and all the utensils, fixtures and plant belonging to the same, that is now worked by he and his partner, as tenants in common. He mentions ‘repairs, alterations and improvements’ he has made since purchasing the properties ‘a few years ago’ for £8000. He states that if the two nephews wish not to run the business, then his current partner Harm Rohrs should be given a refusal of a short lease. Also if either current partner dies then the sugarhouse to be worked out, and their capital ascertained and paid to their estate.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Fryer, his brother George Fryer of Harmby N Yorkshire farmer, and his friend Othwell Tomlin of Richmond N Yorkshire solicitor, as his executors.
* £10,000 to be placed in trust in Government funds, the interest and dividends from same to be paid to his wife Elizabeth Fryer during her life, and following her death it shall be divided into two equal parts. The first part shall go equally to all his nephews and nieces the sons and daughters of George Fryer who attain the age of 21 years, except William and Christopher named above. The second part shall go equally to all his nephews and nieces the sons and daughters of his sister Mary Naper of Harmby in N Yorkshire, who attain the age of 21 years.
* He states that he leaves nothing to his father as he has considerable property and very sufficient income.
* To his orphan nephew William Fryer Tomlin, son of his late sister Margaret Tomlin by her late husband John Tomlin, £1500 when 21 years old, and in the meantime such interest and dividends as necessary to go towards his upkeep.
* To his sister Mary Naper £200.
* To his wife Elizabeth Fryer £300, as well as all his estate at their leasehold dwelling house in Upper Homerton, and liquors, furniture, linen, books, plate etc. He mentions the considerable beauty of their house, and the enjoyment they have had there.
* In the event of his wife’s death, whether she has remarried or not, he bequeaths to his nephew William Fryer Tomlin his best mahogany dining table, the rosewood drawing room suite of tables, and the drawing room chairs. Also to his nephews William & Christopher all his books together with the mahogany bookcase.
* He adds the appointment of William & Christopher Fryer to the list of executors/trustees as he thinks the duration of his will may be rather long.
* All the rest of his estate, following his wife’s death, to his brother George Fryer.
* He asks that the executors give mourning to the clerks at Duncan St and the servants at Homerton.
* £150 to each trustee.
Signed : John Fryer on 12 February 1823.
Witnesses : Samuel Bergers, William Steinmetz, Adam Steinmetz of Upper Homerton.

Codicil : He has become worried that he has been over-generous with his bequests, and that his money will not go far enough ... then he states that he is sure his father will forego the advance he made to him of £3100 for the purchase of the freehold of Duncan St ... he then states that he is now sure there will be far more money in his estate than he thinks. Dated 17 April 1823.

Proved at London on 15 May 1823 by the oaths of the three original executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1670 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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FRYER, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1507, 1810
This is the last will and testament of me William Fryer of Duncan Street, Whitechapel, Sugar Refiner ...
* His property in the partnership concern with the late John Bradburne and now Charles Bradburne his son approximates to £10,000+. He holds some bonds mortgages and notes, and 20 shares in the Eagle Insurance Office.
* His debts are : £900 to his uncle Christopher Fryer of Barningham, Yorks ; £600 to his friend William Pease of Hutton Henry, Yorks ; £200 at 3% to Mrs Scott of Kirby St, Hatton Garden.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses be paid.
* His executors to gather all monies from insurance, mortgages, bonds and notes, and from the sale of his stocks and his shares in the business partnership, and to dispose of it thus ....
* To his father William Fryer farmer of Middleham, Yorks, his sister Mary Fryer spinster of the same place, his sister Margaret Tomlin the wife of John Tomlin farmer of Thornton Steward, Yorks, £500 each.
* To his executors £2000 in trust to be invested, the dividends and interest to be paid to his father William Fryer, and after his death the interest and dividends from £1000 each to his sisters Mary Fryer and Margaret Tomlin.
* To his executors £1500 in special trust and confidence to be invested, the dividends and interest to be paid to the support and education Charles William Walthew of Bethnal Green until he reaches 24 years when he is to be paid the capital of £1500 in order for him to set up in business, the executors being requested to help and advise regarding a suitable apprenticeship etc. If he should die before age 24 then the interest/capital to his children in the same way, and if he leaves no children then the capital to be shared equally amongst the brothers and sisters of William Fryer.
* To his brother George Fryer farmer of Harmby, Yorks, £1000, and after his death to be shared equally amogst his children.
* To his brother John Fryer £1000.
* To Margaret Fryer his father’s old housekeeper £200.
* To Elizabeth Caesar wife of Mr Caesar haberdasher of Whitecross St, London, £100.
* Appoints his brother John Fryer law stationer of Chancery Lane, London, and his friends Matthew Craven of Clapton and Nicholas Temperley of Gloucester St, Sugar Refiners, as his executors, and gives them £100 each for their troubles.
* All the rest and residue equally to his brothers and sisters John, George and Mary Fryer, and Margaret Tomlin.
* Gives mourning rings to those his brother John Fryer thinks fitting, and mourning to the clerks and servants employed at Duncan St.
Signed : William Fryer 1 September 1809.
Witnesses : Richard Dames of Leman St, Charles Bradburne of Duncan St.

Codicil :
* To his executors a further £500 to add to the £1500 in trust for Charles William Walthew. This, along with the £2000 left to his father William Fryer, shall not be laid out as instructed in the will, but his brother John Fryer shall have the use of it for the running of the sugar refining business at Duncan St so long as he remain in partnership with Charles Bradburne for a maximum of 7 years. He shall take a bond with the other two executors to secure the £2000 in trust for Charles William Walthew at an interest of 5% to be paid twice yearly, and shall secure a similar bond for the £2000 for his father William Fryer.
* Appoints John Fryer and Nicholas Temperley guardians of Charles William Walthew.
* To his God-daughter Margaret Maria Fryer, daughter of Mr Christopher Fryer of Shadwell £20.
* His watch to William Fryer clerk in the Banking House of Fuller, Cornhill.
* To Mrs Bulmer wife of John Bulmer farmer of Yorkshire £20.
Signed : William Fryer 2 December 1809.
Witnesses : Charles Bradburne Duncan St, Joseph Fryer Hatton Garden.

Second Codicil :
* Revokes the legacy of £100 to Mrs Caesar of Whitecross St, but gives her £30.
* To Mrs Mary Mayes of 10 Coopers Row £10.
* To Miss Elizabeth Davies of Clapham Common £100., and a valuable ring or other piece of jewellery.
Signed : William Fryer 8 December 1809.
Witnesses : Charles Bradburne, Ralph Peacock.

Proved at London with two codicils on 20 January 1810 by the oaths of all three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1507 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GADSDEN, James - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1497, 1809
In the name of God Amen. James Gadsden now of St Thomas’s Square, Hackney in the County of Middlesex, but late of Gt St Helens, London [Sugar Refiner] ...
* All his debts, funeral expenses etc, to be paid.
* To his cousin James Gascoigne late of Tower St London Sugar Broker but now of Loughton in Essex £200.
* To his acquaintance John Hawkins of Mare St, Hackney, Gent £20.
* To his acquaintance Thomas Hampshire of Homerton, Hackney, Gent £20.
* To Elizabeth Shroves now of late of Holborn Lane, Chatham, his late housekeeper who quit her service on account of her poor state of health an annuity of £20 a year paid half yearly.
* To Elizabeth Barrand his present housekeeper £50, and £10 for mourning. Also 3 old silver tablespoons, 4 old silver tea spoons, the bedstead and furniture in the fore garrett, and all his wearing apparel, shirts, stocks, stockings and handkerchiefs, and such of his kitchen furniture that his executors think will be of use to her.
* To the trustees of the charity school of the St Ethelburgh Society £200 in 3% Bank Annuities, the interest and dividends to be put to the benefit of the children in their care.
* To the trustees of the charity school of the Parish of St John Hackney £1500 in 3% Bank Annuities, the interest and dividends to be put to the benefit of the children in their care.
* To the executors (Philip Gadsden, Thomas Morris & Willian Drayton) of his late brother Christopher Gadsden of Charleston, South Carolina, Merchant £2000 in trust for the grandchildren of the said Christopher Gadsden, and that the sum shall be divided equally amongst the said children of his nephew Thomas Gadsden, his niece Mary Morris and his nephew Philip Gadsden in such a manner as Martha Gadsden widow of Thomas Gadsden, his niece Mary Morris and Catherine Gadsden the wife of Philip Gadsden shall order with respect to their respective children upon them reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his sister [-in-law] Ann Greenwood of Charleston formerly wife of his late brother Thomas Gadsden £500 for her own use.
* To his nephew James William Gadsden son of his late brother Thomas Gadsden £1000 and all his printed books and printed papers that may be thought of use to him. In case of his death then the £1000 to be placed in trust for the benefit of any children he may have.
* To his nephew Thomas Gadsden £500.
* He directs his executors to distribute rings to the value of one guinea each to such of his friends as they think proper, to not exceed 20.
* To Andrew Robson of Aldgate Haberdasher £150 for his work as executor.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his cousin Ann Hume of Clayhill, Enfield, widow for her own use, and after her death to her 2 daughters and her son on them reaching the age of 21 yrs.
* Appoints the said Andrew Robson and Ann Hume as his executor and executrix.
Signed : James Gadsden on 21 April 1806.
Witnesses : Thomas Trundle of Crosby Sq London solicitor, Ann Jane Trundle of same place.

Proved at London on 12 May 1809 by oaths of Andrew Robson & Ann Hume.

[TNA PROB 11/1497 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GARLE, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1184, 1789
In the Name of God Amen. I Thomas Garle of Labour in Vain Hill London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his sister Mary Upjohn wife of James Upjohn of Clerkenwell £100.
* To Gilbert Michell drysalter of Dowgate Hill £20.
* To his son Thomas Garle £4000, and to his son John Garle £2000, both to be paid on the death of his wife Mary Garle.
* To his wife Mary Garle all the profits that arise from his share in the sugarhouse and dwelling house situate in Labour in Vain Hill from the time of his death to the dissolving of his copartnership with Jacob Rider sen and his son Frederick Rider. If his wife dies before the dissolution of the copartnership the profits to his two sons equally.
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his wife Mary Garle for her own use.
* Appoints his wife Mary Garle and Gilbert Michell as his executors.
Signed: Thomas Garle 2 January 1765.

Appeared personally, 15 October 1789, John Garle of Paul's Wharf and Thomas Nicoll of Cole Abbey made oath as to the handwriting of the original will, it being that of Thomas Garle.
Signed by them and witnessed by George Harris and Thomas Adderley.

17 October 1789 with the will annexed, admon was granted to Thomas Garle the son of the deceased having been first sworn to administer Mary Garle wife of the deceased one of the executors dying in the lifetime of the deceased and Gilbert Michell the other executor named having first renounced the execution thereof.

[TNA PROB 11/1184 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GARMS, Johann Friedrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1832, 1834
In the name of God Amen. I Johann Friedrich Garms of Betts Street Ratcliffe Highway, Sugar Boiler ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his daughter Margarete Ršhrs wife of Herman Ršhrs of Osborn Street sugar refiner £10 for mourning.
* To his daughter ?tha wife of John ?Drew of Radcliffe Highway butcher £10 for mourning.
* To his daughter Eliza Garms who lives with him £10 for mourning.
* To his dear wife Alheid Garms all the rest and residue of his estate, money, property, household goods and furniture plate linen china and effects.
* Appoints his wife Alheid Garms as his sole executrix.
Signed : Johann Friedrich Garms on 24 September 1832.
Witnesses : Andres Von Glahn of Betts St, George Vorwerg of 32 Lt Alie Street.

Proved at London on 11 June 1834 by the oath of his executrix.

[TNA PROB 11/1832 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GARMS, Jost - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1957, 1842
This is the last will and testament of me Jost Garms of Coburg Street, Clerkenwell, in the County of Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid in full.
* To Mary Ann Evans his housekeeper his leasehold house where he resides in Coburg St, with all his household furniture, plate and china for her own absolute use. Also £100 three and a half percent Bank annuities.
* To his nephew Christopher Garms of Coppice Row, Mdx, Sugar Refiner, £1000 three and a half percent Bank annuities, and all his horses and wagons, carts and carriages.
* To Mr A ?Walbarton, Minister of the Hamburg Chapel at the corner of Trinity Lane in the City of London £50 for his own use.
* To the German School in Alie Street, Goodmans Fields, £25.
* To each of his five brothers and sisters £125 three and a half percent Bank annuities, and in case they have died, then to their children.
* The residue of his estate to be invested by his executors and the interest to be paid to Mary Ann Evans, and on her death to Christopher Garms.
* Appoints William Tringham of Cunninghan Place, St Johns Wood, and Christopher Garms as his executors.
Signed : Jost Garms on 19 January 1842.
Witnesses : C J Lord clerk to Messrs Willoughby & Jaquet, 13 Cliffords Inn, and Martin Kine, carpenter to Joseph Tringham & Sons, Sugar Refiners of Coppice Row.

Proved at London 11 February 1842 by the oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1957 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GAY, Hans - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/951, 1769.
In the Name of God Amen. I Hans Gay of the Parish of St Thomas the Apostle London Sugar Baker ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his son John Gotleib Gay £500 to be paid when he reaches 21 years and in the meantime the interest etc to assist with his maintenance and education.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his wife Mary Gay for ever.
* Appoints his wife Mary Gay, and his friends William ?Affrolonie? of College Hill and Henry Bartells of Queen Street London sugar baker as his executors.
Signed with Hans Gay's mark. 2 March 1768.
Witnesses: Wm Blennerhassett 24 College Hill, Henry Bacon clerk to Mr Blennerhassett.

Proved at London 14 September 1769 by the oath of Mary Gay relict one of the executors.

[TNA PROB 11/951 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GIESCHEN, Cordt Hinrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1556, 1814
I Cordt Hinrich Gieschen of the parish of St George, Sugar Refiner ...
* To be interred in the Burial Ground of St Georges Lutheran German Chapel in Little Aliff Street.
* To his beloved brother Claus Heinrich Gieschen all his worldly goods chattels plate etc., for his sole use after first discharging his debts and funeral expenses.
* Appoints his said brother executor and revokes all previous wills.
Signed : Cordt Hinrich Gieschen on 5 May 1814.
Witnesses : Berne Otten, Charles Yule, John Morton.

Proved at London on 28 May 1814 by the oath of Claus Heinrich Geischen.

[TNA PROB 11/1556 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GILES, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1745, 1828
This is the last will and testament of me Thomas Giles of Stockwell Surrey and also Water Lane Tower Street in the City of London Sugar Cooper ...
* To Hannah Haines, wife of William Haines wheelwright £50.
* Appoints Joseph Brown of Lawrence Pountney Lane merchant and James Hobsell Gordon Heath of Suffolk Lane gentleman as his trustees and to Joseph Brown £50 for any trouble he may have in this role.
* To his trustees all his freehold messuages lands tenements etc, and them to pay all interests and profits annually to his daughter Elizabeth Appleton for her natural life, and then to her heirs. The premises may eventually be sold, the monies raised to be divided equally amongst the entitled children of Elizabeth Appleton and her husband Henry.
* Both his leasehold houses in Water Lane, monies in funds, stock in trade, book debts, household furniture and all the rest and residue of his personal estate after the payments of all just debts and funeral expenses to Henry Appleton, and then to his heirs.
* Appoints Henry Appleton as executor of his will.
Signed : Thomas Giles 10 March 1821
Witnesses : James Cooper of Barking Church Yard, William Coop of 15 Gt Tower St, William Jones of 5 Charlotte St Blackfriars Rd.

Proved at London 15 September 1828 by the oath of Henry Appleton.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]
[TNA PROB 11/1745 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GILES, William - summary of Bank of England No. 45063
William Giles, Cooper, of Water Lane, Tower Street and of Rye Lane, Peckham.
* Died possessed of : £2300 4% and £112 Long Annuities to be transfered to his executors.
* Appointed his wife Elizabeth Giles and William Carter as his executors.
Will dated : 27 November 1811
Proved : 22 March 1816

In the similar BOE No. 54708 of his widow Elizabeth Giles, from her will proved 22 October 1817 by the oath of sole executor William Carter, other members of the Giles cooper families are mentioned ...
* To Elizabeth Appleton daughter of Thomas Giles £10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To Mary Ann Giles, Elizabeth Giles, Daniel Giles, and Thomas Giles, children of her cousin Daniel Giles £10 in Bank Long Annuities each.
* To her brother William Sutton £10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To her sister Bridget Birdsall wife of William Birdsall, and £10 in Bank Long Annuities.
* To her nephew William Birdsall son of William Birdsall £10 in Bank Long Annuities.
... though there were insufficient funds for these legacies.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]

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GOODHART, Emanuel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1491, 1809
In the Name of God Amen. I Emanuel Goodhart of the Parish of Barking at Ilford Essex Gentleman ...
* To his three sons Jacob Goodhart, Emanuel Goodhart and Joseph Goodhart his freehold estate in St Ann's Middlesex consisting of a dwelling house two sugarhouses and sundry other messuages tenements and lands; and the residue of his household furniture, sugarhouse utensils, ready money and outstanding debts; and all his monies in public funds, plate, linen etc, except the following legacies, to be equally divided amongst them ... his estate with the sugarhouses to valued at £3000 and son Emanuel Goodhart to be given the refusal thereof.
* To son Jacob Goodhart 6 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 5 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also 2 leasehold houses in Greenfield St, Whitechapel.
* To son Emanuel Goodhart 6 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 5 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also 2 houses in Narrow St, St Ann's.
* To son Joseph Goodhart 8 shares in Phoenix Fire Office and 2 shares in Sierra Leon Company and 4 shares in Pelican Life Office. Also all his freehold lands messuages and tenements in Denmark St, St George's in the East.
* To each of his sons a leasehold house in Hackney Terrace, along with a field.
* To Jane Harson a leasehold house in West Ham for her life along with all the furniture in her bedroom, and the interest on £1000 at 5% for her life, and on her death the £1000 to go to Allis Goodhart his granddaughter.
* To John Helwig if living £50.
* To George Gaveller £10 and a mourning ring.
* To St Ann's Charity School for Girls £100.
* Appoints George Gaveller of St George's Sugar Refiner, his son Jacob Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner, his son Emanuel Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner and his son Joseph Goodhart of St George's Sugar Refiner as his executors.
Signed : Emanuel Goodhart 18 November 1804
Witnesses : George Wicke, Christopher Ringer, William Happin.

* To Samuel Weggen £20.
Signed and dated 8 January 1805

Proved at London with a codicil on 28 January 1809 by the oaths of all four executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1491 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

## This will was registered at the Bank of England on 4 February 1809. Some monetary details were recorded but none for the many properties.
Emanuel Goodhart had 5 investment accounts ...
       £9119.12.6    3% Consols      @ 67      £6110.2.11
         £1972.7.8    3% Reduced     @ 68       £1538.9.2
         £1800.0.0    4% Anns          @ 83       £1494.0.0
         £7000.0.0    5% Navy         @ par      £7000.0.0
             £50.00    Imperial Anns   @ 7½        £375.0.0
                                                          £16,517.12.1
... and this money was available to the executors.
It had been annotated in 1822, stating that both Joseph Goodhart and Jane Harson had died.

[My thanks to John Spence for these two wills.]

***** to Catalogue *****

GOODHART, Jacob - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2219, 1855
I Jacob Goodhart of the parish of Streatham in the County of Surrey, Gentleman ......
* To his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart his freehold estate in Streatham with the furniture therein, except ...
* .... To his friend [and Housekeeper] Miss Emma Lyon, from his bedroom, the winged wardrobe, two escritoires, three ? curtains she herself made, sofa, arm chair, wash hand stand and two toilets, two dressing glasses, carpet, footpan, and “a list of articles she brought with her and belonging to her”.
* To Emma Lyon £200 per annum Annuities providing that she does not enter marriage, in which case it should go to his granddaughter Emily Whalley for her life.
* The residue of his estate, monies etc, other than the legacies, to his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart , the house, stabling, greenhouses, outhouses and land, with fittings and furniture therein, being valued at £10,000, should be first offered at that sum to his oldest son Jacob Emanuel. If he refuses then to Joseph Henry at the same sum but including a three acre field at Tooting. And if he refuses then to John. If all refuse, then it shall not be sold, but she go to his male heir he allowing a portion to the other branches of the family.
* To his son Joseph Henry, his to freehold houses in Greenfield Street.
* To his son John, his two freehold houses in Pennington Street.
* To each of his sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart, he gives five shares in the Pelican Life Office.
* The sum of £10,000 left in the Trade of Sugar Refining at four percent interest shall be equally divided amongst his three sons Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart.
* He appoints Jacob Emanuel, Joseph Henry and John Goodhart, and John Goodhart Whalley as his executors.
* He asks that “the establishment” continues for twelve months after his death - the horses and carriages be employed by the family; Miss Emma Lyon, his Housekeeper, continues to use the house at the expense of the Executors; the annual sums of £1000 paid for the freehold sugarhouses in Ratcliffe Highway and in Pennington Street already given to his sons Jacob Emanuel and Joseph Henry Goodhart shall cease.
Signed : Jacob Goodhart, Manor House Tooting, 24 Aug 1852.
Witnesses : James Barringer, William Sorrell, Daniel Norris all of Tooting.

Codicil :
* To Mary Taylor, his cook, £30 and a year’s wages.
* To Abraham Chenery, his coachman, £20 and a year’s wages.
* To Thomas George, his footman, £10 and a year’s wages.
* To his ? servant Chenery, father of the coachman, £10 and a suit for mourning.
* To each of his granddaughters he leaves a ring to the value of two guineas.
* He revokes all that part of the will referring to Miss Emma Lyon, she being his housekeeper no longer.
Signed : Jacob Goodhart, Manor House, Tooting, 23 Aug 1855.

Appearing personally : Walter Chapman of Lower Tooting, surgeon, swore an oath to the genuineness of the codicil dated 23 Aug 1855.

Appearing personally : William Terrell of Tooting, grocer, swore an oath to the genuineness of the will dated 24 Aug 1852.

Proved at London with a codicil 28th September 1855 by the oaths of his three sons, John Goodhart Whalley, the grandson, having renounced the probate and execution of the will.

[TNA PROB 11/2219 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

***** to Catalogue *****

GOODHART, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1618, 1819
This is the Last Will and Testament of me Joseph Goodhart of Hackney, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart £200, and all his household goods and furniture music and musical instruments plate linen china books pictures wines spirits liquors and wearing apparel.
* To his friends George Gaviller of Clapton sugar refiner, and William Steinmetz of Homerton sugar refiner, £50 each as tribute of respect and in remuneration for the trouble they will have executing his will. He appointed these two along with his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart as his executors.
* To his executors upon trust his copyhold dwelling house in the Grove, Hackney, for his wife’s residence until her death after which it should be disposed as they think fit, the proceeds then to be invested.
* To his executors upon trust £6000, the interest from which to his wife Charlotte Elizabeth Goodhart during her life, and £2000, the interest from which, immediately after the death of his wife, to be paid to his wife’s sister Louisa Frederica Woide during her life. On the death of each the principal sums to fall into the residue of his estate.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All the rest and residue of his estate in the trust of his executors, to be invested, the interest from which to be divided equally amongst his children.
Signed : Joseph Goodhart on 21 September 1813.
Witnesses : R Webb Jupp, R S Jupp, Charles Sabine Carpenters Hall.

Codicil he does not insist now that money/estate is invested, except the £6000 for his wife, but give his executors the option of continuing his business of sugar refining to the joint benefit of his family.

Appears Personally William Carr and George Oakes made oath that they were well acquainted with Joseph Goodhart and verified the handwriting at a number of questionable points in the will.

Proved at London with a codicil on 16 July 1819 by the oaths of the three executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1618 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GREENWOOD, Jonathan - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/655, 1732
In the Name of God Amen. I Jonathan Greenwood of Battersea Surrey Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All his estate both real and personal to be distributed equally amongst all the children of his brothers Samuel Greenwood and John Greenwood late of Leeds Yorkshire that shall be living at the time of his decease.
* Appoints Thomas Simmons of Battersea as his sole executor.
Signed: Jonathan Greenwood 8 December 1732.
Witnesses: Stephen Nipon, Thomas Bright.

Codicil ... To be paid from his estate by his executor ...
* To Allyn Smith and to Joshua Smith [sugar refiners] one guinea each for a ring.
* To Elizabeth Jones for her great care and tenderness toward him and his late wife £5.
* To his executor Thomas Simmons for his troubles a ring and £5.
* To all his nephews and nieces not taken notice of before 1s each.
Signed: Jonathan Greenwood. 11 December 1732.
Witnesses: Thomas Bright, Mary Mahew.

Proved at London 22 December 1732 by the oath of Thomas Simmons the executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/655 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GRUBB, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/499, 1708
In the Name of God Amen. I John Grubb of London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Grubb all his messuages and tenements situate in Queen Street Southwark which he holds by lease, and all the tithes ground rent etc from them.
* To his wife Elizabeth Grubb all his household goods and plate and directs that she dispose of the plate amongst his sons Edmund, William and James Grubb in proportions and manner she thinks fit.
* To his wife Elizabeth Grubb £300.
* To his son John Grubb £10 and a bond for £50 made to him from Richardson and any interest due on the said amounts. This is in full of all such part share or proportion of the estate that his son shall claim or demand.
* To his sons Edmund, William and James Grubb £400 each to be paid when each reaches the age of 21 years. If any shall die before that age their shares to be equally divided amongst the survivors of them. In the meantime his executors to invest the capital and use some of the interest for the education and placement in work of the said sons.
* To his sister Grace and her two children by her former husband Marshall and to his cousin Betty Morfin £5 each.
* To Thomas Johnson of Southwark cheesemonger one of his executors and to Phillip Gill of Seething Lane his overseer (?).
* All the rest and residue of his estate, after debts and funeral expenses have been paid, to be applied to the maintenance and education of his three sons.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Grubb and Thomas Johnson his executors, and Phillip Gill as overseer.
Signed : John Grubb 10 December 1707.
Witnesses : Daniel Wansel Vincent Skegnes attourney at law Billingsgate J Skegnes.

Proved at London in January 1708 by the oath of Elizabeth Grubb relict, and January 1717 by the oath of Thomas Johnson, both the executors.

[TNA PROB 11/499 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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GRUNWALD, Hans - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1376, 1802
In the Name of God Amen. I Hans Grunwald sugar boiler servant to and residing with William Handasyde of Brew House Lane Wapping sugar refiner ...
* To his father Johann Grunwald in Germany all his money in public funds and all the rest of his property of any nature.
* Appoints his friend and fellow servant John Titmann now residing with William Handasyde as his sole executor.
Signed : Hans Grunwald 30 May 1802.
Witnesses : Thomas West of Red Lion St Wapping, and Hinrich Bohling and Michael Bischoff both at Mr Handasyde's Brewhouse Lane.

Proved 3 June 1802 by the oath of John Titmann the sole executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1376 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HAASE, Barns Frederick - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/932, 1767
In the name of God Amen. I Barns Frederick Haase of Thomas Street, London, Sugar Refiner ...
* Appoints his wife Mary Haase and his friends Daniel Croft and Cornelius Gerhard Kettler as executors and gives them 10 guineas each for their trouble.
* To his sons Christian and Frederick Haase £300 each.
* Bond with brother-in-law Samuel Mundore and Thomas Moor for £1200 now void (but then goes to great lengths to say what should happen if it is not void).
* In trust to his executors all his money, debts, and all residue of estate and stock in trade to be sold and invested , the interest and dividends for the benefit of his family and the maintenance and education of his children.
* His household goods and furniture, plate, linen into fifth shares for his wife and children ... if his wife remarries or any of them die before age 21 yrs, then the number of shares is reduced accordingly.
Signed : Barns Frederick Haase on 15 September 1767.
Witnesses : Tho Whitby, Barns Frederick Haase jun, Wm Clarke.

Proved at London on 30 September 1767 by the oaths of Mary Haase and Cornelius Gerhard Kettler.

[TNA PROB 11/932 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HACKSHAW, Edward - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/607, 1726
I Edward Hackshaw of Hogsdon [Hoxton] in the County of Middlesex Sugar Baker ...
* To his son, George Hackshaw, all the real and personal estate that he had inherited from his father, the late Robert Hackshaw. Robert had died in 1722 but Edward had not been paid by 1725, as the will was in dispute.
* To his brother in law, Mr Thomas Pitt, one hundred pounds.
* To the Rev. Mr Thomas Hall ten pounds.
* To the poor of Mr. Hall's congregation five pounds.
* After payment of legacies and funeral expenses, everything else to his son George Hackshaw. If George died young, the estate would be divided amongst :
- the sisters of Edward's late wife (Anne Burward), who would each receive one hundred pounds. They were Martha Burward, Mrs Rose Hamill and Sarah Burward.
- the rest of the estate would be shared amongst Edward's brothers and sisters, viz.: Elizabeth Hackshaw, spinster; the children of his brother, Robert Hackshaw; the children of his late brother Richard Hackshaw; and his married sisters, Mrs Vanheythusen and Mrs Pitt.
* Edward's brother in law, George Burward, was appointed guardian of George Hackshaw until his 21st birthday.
* His other brother in law, Thomas Pitt, was made sole executor.
* Edward wanted to be buried as near as possible to his late wife, with only his brothers and brothers-in-law, who lived in town, and six pall bearers in attendance.
* To each of them, and the Rev Hall, he gave a gold ring worth twenty shillings.
Signed : Edward Hackshaw on 11 January 1725/26.
Witnesses : John Heaton, Francis Hill and James Miller.

A codicil was added to pay Thomas Hall two guineas to preach a funeral sermon, and new provisions were made for the support of his dead brother Richard's children. Codicil dated 3 February 1725 /26. Witnesses : Francis Hill and James Miller.

Proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 8 February 1725/26 with Admon granted to Thomas Pitt.

Edward's son, George Hackshaw, appears once more in connection with sugar. In 1738, George is mentioned in his uncle Robert Hackshaw's will (PROB 11/693, 1738) - "I release my Nephew George Hackshaw what he owes me for Insurance on the Sugar House."

To date the location of the London sugar house has not been identified.

[Information supplied by Allan Tansley - a.g.tansley@btinternet.com]

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HAERHAUSON, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1278, 1796
In the Name of God Amen. I Henry Haerhauson of St Mary Whitechapel Sugar Baker ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To Thomas Bourne of Bakers Row Whitechapel mathematical instrument maker and John Cob of Little Carter Lane sugar baker his executors £5 each as a token of friendship and small compensation for their troubles.
* To his two daughters Elizabeth Haerhausen and Rachael Haerhausen £150 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities with the Bank of England and all the rest and residue of his goods chattels estate and effects money and securities equally between them.
* Appoints his executors as named above.
Signed: Henry Haerhausen 18 June 1795.
Witnesses: Wm Argill, Sam'l Argil his clerk.

Proved at London 18 August 1796 by the oaths of Thomas Bourne and John Cob the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1278 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HALE, Josiah - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/953, 1769
In the Name of God Amen. I Josiah Hale of St Sepulchre London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All his estate and effects to his wife Mary Hale for her own use.
* Appoints his wife Mary Hale as his sole executrix.
Signed: Josiah Hale 12 April 1758.
Witnesses: Sam Barnesley jun, Wm Weeks Barnesley Bridge Water St Barbican.

Proved at London 12 December 1769 by the oath of Mary Hale widow and relict to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/953 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HALE, Nathaniel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/977, 1772
In the Name of God Amen. I Nathaniel Hale of Upper Thames Street Sugar Refiner ...
* Requests to be buried with the remains of his wife Elizabeth Hale in his own vault in Camberwell Churchyard and be carried there in a hearse without feathers drawn by only one pair of horses without trappings.
* All his worldly effects to Mary Davison after his just debts and funeral expenses have been paid.
* Appoints Mary Davison as his sole executrix and residuary legatee having lived with her for some years in comfort during which time she has gone by the name of Mary Hale.
Signed: Nathaniel Hale London 19 July 1771.

18 May 1772 appeared personally Jasper Hale of Peckham and Daniel Webb of St Paul's Churchyard stationer and swore oath that they knew the late Nathaniel Hale and were well acquainted with his manner and handwriting and confirmed the will of Nathaniel Hale of Upper Thames Street.

Proved at London 19 May 1772 by the oath of Mary Davison the sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/977 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HALL, John - Probate - summary - 1863
Probate dated 26 January 1863 of the will and codicils of John Hall, late of Breezers Hill, Ratcliffe, Middlesex, Sugar Refiner, and ‘Woodside’, Redhill, Surrey.
Stamp duty £1050.
Sworn under £80,000.

[Edinburgh Sheriff Court Wills - copy of full original available at ScottishDocuments.com.]

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HANCOCK, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/924, 1766
In the Name of God Amen. I Henry Hancock of Blowbladder Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* Wishes to be buried in his vault in Edmonton.
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All his estate both real and personal goods and chattels to his two daughters Elizabeth and Frances Hancock equally.
* Appoints his brother Benjamin Hancock of Norwich and his friends Edward Pain of Blowbladder Street London Gent and George Daniel of Wood Street London Gent as his executors and guardians of his two daughters during their minority.
Signed: Henry Hancock 5 February 1762.
Witnesses: Mary Daniell, George Daniell, John Loncy.

Thomas Bishov living near or at Berkhamstead to be maintained at £15 per year in the manner of now from his estate as witnessed by agreement with late mother-in-law. Signed: Henry Hancock.

Appeared personally ... Thomas Uffington warehouseman and George North banker both of London to swear that they knew Henry Hancock for several years and could recognize his handwriting etc and confirm the validity of the short codicil. Signed by them and witnessed by James Simpson, Mark Holman.

Proved at London with codicil 6 December 1766 by the oath of Benjamin Hancock the brother and executor to whom admon was granted, after Edward Paine and George Daniell the other executors had first renounced the execution thereof.

[TNA PROB 11/924 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HANDASYDE, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1411, 1804
In the Name of God Amen. I William Handasyde of the parish of St John Wapping Sugar Refiner and co-partner with George Lear ...
* To the three clerks, the four boilers, the kitchen man and the women servants in his service or in that of the co-partnership at the time of his death a suit of mourning each.
* To James Wool, son of Hugh Wool and Alice his wife, £1000 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his godson Benjamin Driffield Haslam, son of Richard Haslam, £100 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his friend Thomas Hay of St Mary at Hill grocer £100.
* To Ann Hay, daughter of said Thomas Hay, £100 to be paid to her when she reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to her maintenance and education.
* To Mrs Hay, wife of said Thomas Hay, his best set of china and a ring to the value of five guineas.
* To Benjamin Jones, son of his friend Benjamin Jones, £100 to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* To his co-partner George Lear £100.
* To his friend John Green of Whitechapel grocer £100.
* To Mrs Lear, wife of said George Lear, a diamond ring to the value of ten guineas.
* To Mrs Curtis, the daughter of said George Lear, now the wife of William Curtis of Southgate a diamond ring to the value of ten guineas.
* To his friend John Camden £100.
* To his relation George Johnson £100.
* To Elizabeth Wool late of Upwell now of Enfield £1000.
* To Margaret Wool, the mother of said Elizabeth Wool, £100.
* To William Wool, a nephew of said Elizabeth Wool, £500.
* To Thomas Wool, a nephew of said Elizabeth Wool, £500.
* To Ann Coultard his housekeeper £100.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his great nephew William Sharp, son of James Sharp formerly of Morpeth and Jane his wife (of which Jane Sharp was his niece), the produce thereof after payment of his debts and funeral expenses to be invested by his executors and to be paid to him when he reaches the age of 21 years and in the meantime the interest from it to be applied to his maintenance and education.
* Appoints George Lear and Thomas Hay as his executors.
Signed : 26 November 1803.
Witnesses : John Clement, __ __, A Townson his clerk.

Proved at London 5 July 1804 by the oaths of George Lear and Thomas Hay to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1411 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARBUSCH, Johan Herman - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1684, 1824
This is the last will and testament of me Johan Herman Harbusch otherwise Harman Harbusch of Leman St, St Mary Whitechapel [Sugar Refiner] ...
* To be buried at a place and in such a manner as his wife Elizabeth instructs ... he may leave some instructions.
* All his debts, funeral expenses etc, to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth all his household furniture plate linen china implements of household wine and spirituous liquer and all other moveable property and effects at his dwelling house in Leman St, and all ready money.
* Appoints his nephew Werner Hucke/Hocke late partner in trade as sugar refiner and his friends George Wicke of Church Lane Whitechapel sugar refiner and Thomas Biehl of Commercial Rd sugar refiner as his executors.
* £21,000 in 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities to be held in trust to his wife Elizabeth, she being paid the interest and dividends and occasional sums of no more than £1000 stock at her request. On her death the residue of the fund to go back into his estate.
* He had retained the lease and a half share in the Silver St sugarhouse ... he now gives the remainder of the lease and his share of the implements stock etc to his nephew Werner Hucke/Hocke.
* To his brother Werner Harbusch of Commercial Rd, gent, £1000.
* To his niece whose name before marriage was Catharina Elisabetha Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of his oldest sister who before marriage Catharina Elisabetha Harbusch, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in May 1781, £3000.
* To his niece whose name before marriage was Catharina Elisabetha Werner Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of the same mother, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in January 1783, £3000.
* To his nephew and godson George Heinrich Hucke/Hocke, the son of the same mother, who was baptised in Zennern in Germany in September 1787, £3000. #?
* To his nephew Johan Herman Siehls, the son of his youngest sister who before marriage was Anna Martha Harbusch, who was baptised in Oberbeisheim in Germany in March 1781, £4000.
* To his great niece Mary Catharina Hucke/Hocke, the daughter of his late nephew Johan Hucke/Hocke buried in St Geo East 30 April 1814, £500.
* To his late partner William Samler of St Andrews Hill £1000.
* To the trustees of the Eastern Dispensary in Ayliff St, Whitechapel, £100.
* To the trustees of the National School in St Mary St, Whitechapel, £50.
* To the trustees of the National School in Silver St, St Geo East, £50.
* To the trustees of the German Church in Hooper Sq £100.
* To his old servant Francis Board Griger £200.
* To Jacob Ulot, sugar boiler to his late partner Werner Hucke/Hocke, £100.
* To each of his executors £250 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities.
* The entire residue of his estate to be divided equally amongst his nephew and late partner Werner Hucke/Hocke, his nieces Catharina Elisabetha Hucke/Hocke and Catharina Elisabetha Werner Hucke/Hocke, and his nephews George Heinrich Hucke/Hocke and Johan Herman Siehls.
Signed : Johan Herman Harbusch on 3 October 1823.
Witnesses : John Rigge jun & John Astell both of 6 Cooks Ct, Carey St, Lincolns Inn.

Codicil :
* £400 upon trust and invested on behalf of the 4 children of Jacob Uloth, named Jacob Ulot in the will, namely Alexander Uloth, Elizabeth Uloth, James Uloth and Henry Uloth, and to be given them at the age of 21 years. Dated 10 March 1824.

Proved at London on 7 April 1824 by the oaths of the three executors.

[# - Possibly a dwelling was built with this money - details.]

[TNA PROB 11/1684 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARBUSCH, Werner - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1837, 1834
This is the last Will and Testament of me Werner Harbusch of Lucas Place Commercial Road Mdx Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his niece Mary Catharina Hocke spinster daughter of John Hocke deceased now living with his nephew Werner Hocke £1500 for her own use, but if she has not yet reached the age of 21 years the sum to be invested by his executors upon trust for them to apply the interest and dividends to her use until she is able to receive the principle sum at 21 years of age.
* To his nephew Werner Hocke aforesaid of Silver Street St Geo East sugar refiner £100 for the trouble he may have executing this will, and also a further sum of £1000.
* To William Happell of Church Lane Whitechapel gent £100 for the trouble he may have executing this will.
* To the three children of his sister Catherina Elizabeth Hocke of Zennern in Hesse Germany £500 each. #
* To his brother Johannes Harbusch of Zennern in Hesse £1000, and if he has died the same to shared equally amongst his children. #
* To his Godson Werner Harbusch son of said brother Johannes Harbusch £500 over and above any share of his father's legacy. #
* To his nephew John Harman Siehl of Oberbeisheim in Hesse £500.
* To his Godson George Werner Rudolph late of Old Gravel Lane coal & corn merchant £100.
* To the Trustees of the German Church late of the Savoy now in Hooper Square of which he is a member £500.
* To the Trustees of the German School in Lt Alie St for the education of poor children £50.
* To the Treasurer for the time being of the London Hospital in Whitechapel Road £50.
* To the Treasurer for the time being of the British & Foreign Bible Society £50.
* To the Trustees of the Free School for the education of poor children in St Geo East £50.
* To the trustees of the Middlesex Society for clothing and educating poor children in the protestant religion in Cannon St New Road £50.
* To the Trustees of the Stratford Female Charity School in West Ham £50.
* To the Trustees of the School in Zennern in Hesse £100 be be invested with the interest and dividends applied to the education of poor children in Zennern.
* To the Treasurer of the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb in Kent Road Surrey £50.
* To the Treasurer of the Asylum for Indigent Blind in St George's Fields Surrey £50.
* To the Treasurer and Committee of the Whitechapel Society for the Education of the Poor in union with the National Society for the like purpose £50.
* To the Trustees of the Irish Free School in Goodman's Yard Minories £50.
* To the Trustees of the Medical Institution in Old Gravel Lane Ratcliff Highway £50.
* To the Treasurer of the Society for Relieving Foreigners in Distress established in London £50.
* To the Treasurer of the East London Orphan Asylum in Hackney Road and Castle Street Houndsditch £50.
* To Elizabeth the wife of his brother Harman Harbusch of Leman St sugar refiner £100 for mourning.
* To the female servant living with him at the time of his death £100.
* To the widow of Carsten Lilkendey late of King Street Wapping sugar refiner £100.
* To Werner Humbog boiler with Mr Frieke sugar refiner of the Old Bailey £100.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his nephew Werner Hocke for his own use.
* Appoints his nephew Werner Hocke and the said William Happell as his executors.
Signed: Werner Harbusch 10 December 1818.
Witnesses: Robert Henderson Leman St, George Henderson his son.

This is a codicil ...
* William Happell one of his executors has died. Appoints Christian Biehl of Princes Place cooper as an executor and gives him £100 for his troubles.
* Revokes the legacy of £500 to the Trustees of the German Church in Hooper Square and asks his executors to invest the same in Government Stocks during the tenure of the present Reverend Hulle reinvesting all interest and dividends. Once the said Rev Hulle is replaced by a new Minister then his executors to present the accumulated sums to the Trustees of the said German Church for the benefit of that church.
* To William Samler of St Andrews Hill sugar refiner £200.
* To the widow of the late Richard Samler his former partner in the trade of sugar refiner, though if she has died then equally to her surviving children by Richard Samler.
* To Thomas Ferrers a former partner of his in the trade of sugar refiner £200.
Signed: Werner Harbusch 2 April 1821. Witnesses: Robert Henderson Leman St, George Henderson his clerk.

This is a further codicil ...
* To the Managers of the Sunday School at Sion Chapel Union Street Whitechapel £100.
Signed: Werner Harbusch 2 April 1821. Witnesses: Robert Henderson Leman St, George Henderson.

This is a further codicil ...
* Christian Biehl one of his executors has died. Appoints his brother Thomas Biehl of Princes Place sugar refiner as an executor and gives him £100 for his troubles.
* He revokes legacies to the Trustees of the Free School for the education of poor children in St Geo East, and to the Managers of the Sunday School at Sion Chapel Union Street Whitechapel. He gives a further £50 to the Trustees of the German School in Lt Alie St for the education of poor children and a further £50 to the Treasurer and Committee of the Whitechapel Society for the Education of the Poor in union with the National Society for the like purpose.
Signed: Werner Harbusch 14 April 1827. Witnesses: George Henderson solicitor 23 Leman St, Henry Laman clerk to Messrs Martin Henderson & Smith 23 Leman St.

Proved at London with three codicils 13 October 1834 by the oaths of Werner Hocke and Thomas Biehl the executors to whom admon was granted.

[# - Possibly a dwelling was built with this money - details.]

[TNA PROB 11/1837 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARGREAVES, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1174, 1789
I Henry Hargreaves of Lancaster Sugar Baker ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Elizabeth Hargreaves his household goods and furniture that she requires for her use, and after her death to his executors.
* To his eldest son James Hargreaves and son George Hargreaves ...
- his third part or share of the Sugarhouse in Lancaster and all the other buildings and appurtenances belonging it, and the stock in hand utensils etc,
- his third part or share of the dwelling house outhouses yard and appurtenances situate in St Leonard Gate in Lancaster wherein he now lives,
- his third part or share of the several closes situate in ?Bulk in the said County which are leased by Robert Dalton,
- his third part or share of the dwelling house in Lancaster in the possession of John Nicholl,
- his six dwelling houses with their several yards back buildings etc situate in Lancaster, with his garden adjoining,
- his fields situate in Skerton called Skerton Marsh or Torrisholme Marsh now in possession of James Berket,
- his closes in ?Arncliff,
- his field in Torrisholme in the possession of Richard Hall,
- his acre of land in Torrisholme in possession of Timothy Jackson,
... and all other real estate he shall die possessed of, for them to hold equally as tenants-in-common.
* To his eldest son James Hargreaves and son George Hargreaves all his personal and household possessions except that which his wife wishes to use.
* From the above bequests his two sons James & George must pay legacies of £1500 each to his son Isaac Hargreaves and his daughters Isabella Hargreaves and Elizabeth Hargreaves.
* Each of his children James, George, Isaac, Isabella & Elizabeth shall pay to their mother during her natural life the sum of £24 each per year giving her an annuity of £120, though if Isaac, Isabella or Elizabeth have not reached the age of 22 yrs, when their legacies shall be paid to them, the executors shall pay their contributions from the estate.
* Appoints his sons James & George Hargreaves as his joint executors.
Signed : Henry Hargreaves on 29 January 1784.
Witnesses : Peter Buttellman, Isaac Birket, Edmund Bryer.

A copy of the will went to the Registry of the Archdeaconry of Richmond 21 November 1786, and admon was granted to James & George Hargreaves 29 December 1788.
Proved at London on 3 January 1789.

[TNA PROB 11/1174 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARRIS, John - Will - PRO PROB 11/1359, 1801

I John Harris of the City of Bristol Esquire do make this my last Will and Testament in manner following that is to say In case my beloved wife Sarah Harris shall be living at the time of my decease I give __ to her my said Wife all my Estate Effects and Property whatsoever and wheresoever and to be at her absolute disposal subject nevertheless to the payment of my just debts and Funeral and testamentary Expenses and in that case also I appoint her my said Wife together with my Son Francis Harris Executors of this my Will. But if she my said Wife should die in my Lifetime then I give all my said Estate Effects and property whatsoever and wheresoever unto my Son Francis Harris upon the Trusts and subject to the Provisors and Directions herein after mentioned. And first In trust to Pay thereout all my just Debts and Funeral and testamentary Expenses and then to hold the residue and remainder in Trust as to one undivided fourth Part thereof for all the children of my eldest Son John Harris by his first wife equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective ages of twenty one years and as to one other undivided fourth Part thereof In Trust for all the children of my Son Samuel Harris by his present Wife equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective Ages of twenty one years. And as to the remaining undivided Moiety or half part of the said residue and remainder of my said Estate Effects and Property In trust for all the children as well born as to be born of my said Son Francis Harris equally to be divided among them share and share alike at their respective ages of twenty one years And I direct that the Interest and Annual Proceeds of the Bequests herein made in trust for my said respective Grandchildren shall in the meantime till they shall respectively attain their Ages of twenty one years be Paid applied and disposed of for or towards their respective Maintenance and Education and if any of them shall die before his her or their share or shares shall become payable then I direct that the share or shares of him her or them so dying shall be in trust for the Survivors or Survivor or others or other of them respectively and that the like benefit or right of Survivorship shall again take place as to such share or shares as may so arrive by Survivorship. And I direct that it shall be lawful for my said Son Francis if he shall think fit to pay to my respective Grandchildren or to apply and dispose of for their use benefit and advantage respectively the respective Bequests herein before made to them or any part thereof at such time or times during their respective Infancies and in such manner and form as he my said on Francis Harris shall from time to time think fit anything herein contained to the contrary notwithstanding and in the event of my said wife dying in my Lifetime I appoint my said Son Francis Harris sole Executor of this my Will. And I empower him my said son Francis Harris his Executors and admons to reimburse himself and themselves out of the said Trust Promises all the Costs and Expenses attending the Trusts Directions and Authorities herein contained. And that he or they shall not be responsible for any more Money than shall actually come to his or their hands nor with any Loss or Damage that may happen by investing or placing out any of the trust Monies and which I authorize him and them to do in or upon any Stocks Funds or Securities or depositing the same with any Banker or other Person for safe custody nor with any Loss or Damage which may happen without his or their wilful default. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal the fifteenth of March one thousand eight hundred. John Harris Signed Sealed and Published and Declared by the above named John Harris the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as Witnesses thereto the words sole Executrix being first obliterated and the words together with my Son Francis Harris Executors being first interlined. Willm Thompson Catherine Davey

Codicil : to be annexed to and taken as part of the last Will and Testament of me John Harris of the City of Bristol Esquire that is to say I give and delegate to the Executors named and appointed in and by my said last Will and Testament and to the Survivor of them and to the Executors and Administrators of such Survivor full absolute and unlimited Power and Authority to compound and compromise and to agree and accept and take a Composition or Compositions Dividend or Dividends for all or any Debt and Debts Demand and Demands Sum and Sums of Money which is or are or shall or may be due owing payable or belonging to me or my Estate from any Person or Persons Estate or Estates whatsoever and to submit to reference or arbitration any amount or amounts subsisting or which shall hereafter subsist between me or my Estate and any Person or Persons Estate or Estates whatsoever and to enter into give sign seal or execute any Covenant or Covenants Agreement or Agreements Deed and Writing Receipt and Receipts Arquittaure or Aquittaures that may be necessary or expedient for the purposes aforesaid or any of them and in all other respects whatsoever I confirm and establish my said last Will and Testament In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one John Harris Signed and Sealed Published and declared by the above named John Harris the Testator as and for a Codicil to his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our Names as Witnesses in his presence and at his request the words a Codicil to having been first interlined in this attestation before our subscribing the same and before the execution of the said Will Roger Davis Willm Thompson

This Will was proven at London with a Codicil the thirtieth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one before the Right honourable Sir William Wynne, Knight , Doctor of Laws, Master Keeper or Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oaths of Sarah Harris, Widow, the relict of the deceased and Francis Harris, the Son of the deceased and the Executors named in the said Will to whom Admon was granted of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credit of the said Deceased they having been first sworn by __ duly to administer

Note in margin, not very clear even with a magnifying glass ...
On the 13th August 1825 admon with the Will & Codicil __ of the Goods Chattels and Credits of John Harris late of the City of Bristol Esq. deceased left unadministered by Sarah Harris, Widow, the relict one of the Executors of the __ legatees __ Francis Harris the Son the other Executor was __ to Sarah Harris __ the __ of John with the Will annexed __ with the Goods of __ Sarah Harris ________ died intestate

[My thanks to Pauline Adlem for this transcription.]
[TNA PROB 11/1359 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARRIS, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1313, 1798
In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Harris late of Joiners Buildings Thames Street London Sugar Refiner but now departing for the Island of Jamaica ...
* All his share and interest in the merchant ships 'Nais' and 'Union Island' trading between London and Jamaica whereof Charles Coldstream and Robert Hill are respective Masters and all powers and authorities vested in him by the bond with Charles Coldstream dated 9 February inst to compel one sixteenth part of the said ships to his brothers Francis Harris of Bristol merchant and Samuel Harris of Wormwood Street London ironmonger or the survivor of them in trust after all his just debts have been paid to pay the nett gains and profits to his father John Harris of Bristol and his mother Sarah Harris during their joint lives and the life of the survivor. And after the deaths of them both the gains and profits to be paid to the maintenance and education of his nephews and niece John Butler Harris, Francis Coleman Harris, and Jane Harris the children of his brother John Harris until they all reach the age of twenty one years when the whole share and interest in the two ships shall pass to them equally.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his brother Samuel Harris for his own use and benefit.
* Appoints his father John Harris and his brothers Francis Harris and Samuel Harris as his executors.
Signed: Joseph Harris 10 February 1798.
Witnesses: Ro Eaton Birchier Lane London, Jos Paul, John Carruthers clk to Mr Eaton.

Proved at London 15 October 1798 by the oath Samuel Harris brother and one of the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1313 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HARRISON, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1340, 1800
I, Thomas Harrison, of Wellclose Square in the County of Middlesex, Sugar Baker ...
* To his wife Maria Harrison all his household goods and furniture plate linen china wines and other liquors and £50 for mourning.
* To his brothers Joseph Harrison and William Harrison, his friend William Stone of Ratcliff Highway and his partner in trade George Lilckendey £10 each for mourning.
* All the rest and residue of his effects and estate to his executors in trust, and from the annual interest and profits of which ...
* To his brother Samuel Harrison and his wife an annuity of £6 throughout their lives.
* To his wife Maria Harrison an annuity of £150 for her natural life. If she remarries the annuity reduces to £50.
* The rest and residue of the trust equally to his three children George Brucker Harrison, Thomas Harrison and Mary Harrison at the age of 23 years, though his executors have the discretion to advance sums to each of them for the purposes of trade or business or marriage.
* Appoints the said Joseph Harrison, William Harrison, and William Stone as his joint executors and guardians of his three children.
Signed : Thomas Harrison 20 February 1800.
Witnesses : William Webb Attorney of Southwark, John Butler Haberdasher of 40 Wellclose Square.

Proved at London 13 April 1800 by the oaths of Joseph Harrison, William Harrison, and William Stone his executors to whom admon was granted.

[My thanks to Eril Wangerek for the transcription from which this summary was taken.]
[TNA PROB 11/1340 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HASE, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1079, 1781
In the name of God Amen. I Henry Hase of Thames Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hase all his goods chattels estate & effects and the care of his children.
* Appoints his wife Ann Hase as his executrix.
Signed : Henry Hase on 5 August 1780.
Witnesses : Thomas Strong Attorney of Red Cross St Cripplegate and Thomas Grindley his clerk.

Proved at London on 25 June 1781 by the oath of Ann Hase widow.

[TNA PROB 11/1079 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HEAP, Joshua Milne - Will - summary of detail in local newspaper, 1890
Will dated 10 Jan 1890, of the late Joshua Milne Heap, of Outwood, Birkenhead, JP, and of the city of Liverpool, merchant, sugar refiner, and rice miller, who died 19 May 1890 ...
* Value of estate £332,287 14s 7d gross, and £330,472 6s 6d net.
* To each of his children £250, and to son Joseph all his shares in the Rangoon Land Co.
* To his son Joseph all his shares and interest in the goodwill, estate, and effects of their partnership business of Joseph Heap and Sons, including the freehold warehouses in Matthew St; all his estates near Rangoon, in Burma; his estate in Outwood, Birkenhead; and all his plate, pictures, jewellery, furniture, and household effects, horses and carriages.
* In trust ... more than £100,000 in English Railway preferences and debenture stocks to secure an income of £4500 a year, which is divided amongst his daughters and the representatives of his two daughters deceased, and the reversion to the trust fund is to be for the daughters' children.
* Residue of estate, in trust, for his son Joseph Heap and his daughters Frances Chadwick, Gertrude Graham, Emily Constance Heap, Beatrice Lillian Heap, Margaret Tweedale Heap, and Ethel Maude Heap, and the representatives of the late Mrs Leach and the late Mrs Croethwaite.
* Appointed as executors ... Mr Richard Ranken MP of West Derby, his son Joseph Heap of Birkenhead, and Mr Wm Arthur Weightman of Liverpool, solicitor.

[Liverpool Mercury 10 Jul 1890.]

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HEDGES, Robert - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/304, 1661
In the Name of God Amen. The first day of May 1661, I Robert Hedges of Exeter Sugar Baker ...
* To his wife Mary Hedges one third part of his estate, maybe about £300.
* To Edmond Hedges of Hayes £30.
* To the poor people of Hayes Mdx £5.
* To his sons Robert Hedges and William Hedges the remainder of his estate equally once they reach 21 years of age. In the meantime the money to be invested the interest and profits for their education. If either son shall die before the age of 21 years his share to the other son.
* Appoints Edmond Hedges and William Wayland of Hayes Mdx as his executors.
Signed: Robert Hedges.
Witnesses: Malachy Pyne, Norwell Prawer, William Burgess.

Proved at London by oaths of Edmond Hedges and William Wayland executors.

[TNA PROB 11/304 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HEDLEY, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1758, 1829
This is the last will and testament of me Joseph Hedley of 12 Baches Row, St Leonard Shoreditch ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hedley all his plate silver china and wine. And also £100.
* To his wife’s sister Letitia Moseley £100.
* Appoints his wife Ann Hedley, John Moseley of Douglas Street, Vincent Square, and Joseph Smallwood of Greenfield Street, cabinet maker, as his executors.
* To the trust of his executors : his individual share in the leasehold premises in Wellclose Square; his shares in the Commercial Sale Rooms in Mincing Lane of which he is entitled through the will of Margaret Engell and an agreement between himself and his son Joseph Henry Hedley; his five shares in Drury Lane Theatre; his sixty shares in Atlas Assurance Company; and all his stocks and funds at the time of his death, and all the residue of his estate subject to the legacies he directs to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Hedley, the interest dividends and profits from the funds held in trust during her natural life, and following her death the same shall go to his son Joseph Henry Hedley. After the death of both, then the fund shall be divided equally amongst any children of his son Joseph Henry Hedley. If no children, then all stocks and property to be sold for money and this willed as it were the estate of his son Joseph Henry Hedley.
Signed : Joseph Hedley on 28 April 1826.
Witnesses : Charles Druce, John Druce.

Proved at London on 17 July 1829 by the oaths of Ann Hedley Joseph Smallwood and John Moseley.

[TNA PROB 11/1758 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HEDLEY, Joseph Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2240, 1856
I Joseph Henry Hedley of Mincing Lane, London, Gentleman, having late resided in Vienna now in London ...
* He states the terms of his late father’s will, which shows that his own two infant children, Frances Elizabeth Hedley and Florence Henry Hedley, would be provided for by it.
* Under the terms of his late mother’s will he receives the rents and profits from her leasehold properties at Hedley Place and Nicholas Street, Hoxton.
* To his wife Frances Jane Hedley, daughter of Samuel Smith of Alton, Hants, all his monies and securities for money, and all his estate and effects both real and personal, including all the property he may have from the will of his late father.
* Appoints his wife Frances Jane Hedley as his sole executor, and if he leaves any children under the age of twenty one, then he appoints his wife Frances Jane Hedley as their guardian.
Signed : Joseph Henry Hedley on 28 July 1841.
Witnesses : Charles Druce, John Druce.

Proved at London 23 October 1856 by the oath of his widow Frances Jane Hedley.

[TNA PROB 11/2240 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HENTHORN, Samuel - Will - summary from Cheshire Wills, 1695
In the name of God Amen. I Samuel Henthorn of the City of Chester Sugarbaker ...
* To his wife Elizabeth Henthorn £200.
* To his son William Henthorn £400 and to his daughter Elizabeth Henthorn £400 when they reach 21 years.
* To his wife, providing she remains unmarried, for the maintenance and education of his children, £3 per cent until they reach 10 years of age, and £5 per cent from then to 21 years.
* If his wife should remarry, then he commits the care and education of his children to his father Anthony Henthorn.
* Appoints his father Anthony Henthorn as his executor.
Signed and sealed : Sam Henthorn 23 February 1694.
Witnesses : Matthew Henry, Henry Lloyd junior, George Mainwaring.

Proved 6 July 1695 by the oath of Anthony Henthorn.

[Copy of full original available at Chester Wills.]

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HOFFMAN, Jacob - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/968, 1771
In the Name of God Amen. I Jacob Hoffman of St Andrew by the Wardrobe London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Sarah Hoffman all his real and personal estate whatsoever household goods chattels household stuff linen woollen and everything else during her natural life, and after her death to Mary Hayton, wife of Joseph Hayton, and her heirs forever.
* Appoints his wife Sarah Hoffman as sole executrix.
Signed: Jacob Hoffman 24 May 1771.
Witnesses: Fridrick Gelhardt, EJ Price.

Proved at London 10 June 1771 by the oath of Sarah Hoffman widow, relict and sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/968 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLEHOUSE, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1360, 1801
In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Holehouse of St Paul’s Shadwell Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts to be paid.
* The whole of his property in his sugarhouse, outbuildings, stock and utensils, with the leases to be disposed of according to the judgement of his executrix.
* The lease on his house in Tower Royal and Cloak Lane, and his share in the house in Portland Street corner of Mortimer Street near Oxford Road, together with all his household furniture, linen, plate, watches and clock, china, wearing apparel and whatever debts owed to him, to his dear wife Anne Holehouse.
* Appoints his wife Anne Holehouse as his sole executrix.
Signed : Thomas Holehouse on 11 December 1800.
Witnesses : P Williams and John Smith.

Whereas ... he was prevailed upon the previous day to execute a paper brought by his brother as his will, but as the contents were utterly unknown to him he revoked that paper and confirms that he has written his will that leaves all his property to his wife. He makes her sole guardian of his children. 10 July 1801.

Proved at London with a codicil on 14 July 1801 by the oath of the sole executrix.

[TNA PROB 11/1360 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLLEN, John von - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1963, 1842
(Extracted from the Prerogative Court of York)
This is the last will and testament of me John Von Hollen of Nursery Street, Brightside, Sheffield, County of York, Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Ann Von Hollen, all his real and personal estate of whatever nature.
* Appoints his wife Ann Von Hollen as his executrix.
Signed : John Von Hollen on 26 January 1842.
Witnesses : George Walker, sugar refiner, Sheffield, and John Thompson, solicitor, Sheffield.

Proved at London on 18 May 1842 by the oath of Ann Von Hollen, widow.

[TNA PROB 11/1963 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLMAEAR, Claus - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1950, 1841
This is the last Will and Testament of me Claus Holmaear otherwise Holmeyer otherwise Holmyer otherwise Myers of No.13 Finch Street Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex scum boiler.
* All debts, funeral expenses to by paid.
* To his son Henry his gold watch with the appendages thereto for his own use.
* To his son Claus his silver watch "in the interior of which is engraved my son Henry but which is my own property" for his own use. (to be handed to him at age when executors think him able to take care of it).
* To his son Dederich Christopher his other silver watch for his own use. (to be handed to him at age when executors think him able to take care of it).
* He appointed Trustees & Executors .... Mary (wife), John Wilson of No.19 old Montague Street shoemaker, Thomas Samuel Willingale of Phoenix Wharf Wapping coal merchant.
* All of his leasehold messuage and premises at 13 Finch Street where he works and resides, his stock in trade, implements and effects and all his book debts to be held in trust such that his wife may continue his trade of scum boiler, until his son Henry reaches the age of 21yrs, when it all shall be made over to him on the condition that he continues the business along with his mother providing she has not remarried. If he refuses to work with his mother, he shall pay her £200 per year providing she has not remarried.
* If the business becomes unprofitable, then it shall be sold, and the monies received by the Trustees.
* He gives into the trust of the his Trustees all his household furniture, plate, linen, china, beds, bedding, and other household articles, for the use of his wife providing she remains unmarried. If she marries it shall fall into the estate.
* Money and stock standing in Bank of England, and Bank for Savings for the Tower ? in Osborn Street Whitechapel ... interest and dividends to be paid to wife for her upkeep of family providing she remains unmarried. On her death to be divided between sons equally.
* Cordt Heinrich Dosscher husband of his daughter Ann, owes him £400, but he releases him from £300 of that debt.
Here he made his Mark as Claus Holmaear.
Witnessed by Chas. Champion & John Rogers Jennings, clerks to Mr Jennings, 71 Whitechapel Road.

Proved at London 27 August 1841 by the oaths of Mary Myers widow, John Wilson to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1950 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLNESS, William - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2084, 1848.
This is the last will and testament of me William Holness of Sydenham Kent Sugar Cooper ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All his freehold and copyhold messuages farms lands tenements and hereditaments, and all his leasehold estates, and all his personal estate stock in trade goods chattells monies securities to his wife Mary Holness for her own use and benefit.
* Appoints his wife Mary Holness as his sole executrix.
Signed: William Holness. 7 May 1800.
Witnesses: Thomas Phipps Philpot Lane, Chas Strippat, Rebecca Braxton.

Proved at London 1 December 1848 by the oath of Mary Holness relict the sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/2084 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLSCHER, John Frederick - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1007, 1775
In the Name of God Amen. I John Frederick Holscher late of Puddle Dock now of Cumberland Street Shoreditch London Sugar Baker ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his friend and kinswoman Rebecca Mill of Cumberland Street widow the whole of his estate real and personal.
* Appoints Rebecca Mill his sole executrix.
Signed: John Frederick Holscher 3 April 1775.
Witnesses: Rebecca West her mark, S Church Ward.

Proved at London 2 May 1775 by the oath of Rebecca Mill widow and sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1007 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLTHOUSE, Christian - Admon - summary of PCC Sep 1795
Goods, chattels and effects of Christian Holthouse, late of St George's in the East, widower, deceased, was granted to Carsten Holthouse, brother ... next of kin ... below £300.

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT 484/2]

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HOLTHOUSE, Carsten - Jurat - PCC Jul 1800
Extracted from the Principal Registry of the Probate Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice.
In the Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
The following is a copy of the Jurat endorsed on the will of Carsten Holthouse late of Well Close Square in the county of Middlesex sugar refiner deceased.
29 July 1800 Carsten Dirs the sole executor named in this will was duly sworn to the truth thereof also that the goods chattels and credits of the deceased will not amount to £10,000.
Before me William Adams, Surregate.
Cooper and Townsend
Proved 14 August 1800

[Transcript at Northamptonshire Record Office, ref: HOLT 484/3]

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HOLTZMEYER, George Wolrath - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1319, 1799
In the Name of God Amen. I George Wolrath Holtzmeyer of Whitechapel Road Sugar Refiner ...
* Appoints his son Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer and Robert Charnley grocer of Snow Hill as his executors. (He had also included Jeremiah Glover sugar refiner of London, but this is crossed through with a note that Mr Glover had moved to Yorkshire 1791). To each executor £100.
* To his executors in trust £2100 in Consolidated Bank Annuities ...
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Ann Margaret Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have, though if none then it shall be for the executors to add it to that of his other daughter Mary Holtzmeyer.
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Mary Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have, though if none then it shall be for the executors to add it to that of his other daughter Charlotte Holtzmeyer.
- one third of which to have the dividends reinvested in same until his daughter Charlotte Holtzmeyer reached the age of 21 when she shall be paid the dividends and interest for her natural life. After her death her one third share to be divided equally amongst any children she may have.
- in the case of his daughters dying and not leaving children, their shares to be passed to their sisters, or their brother Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer if none should survive.
* If none of his children survive then monies to be divided amongst the children of his brothers deceased and living and his sister in Germany.
* To his three daughters, to be equally divided, all his furniture linen plate and all his belongings in his dwelling house, with the exception of one bed and furniture and wardrobe which is for his son Hinrich Herman.
* To his son Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer his 18 shares in Phoenix Fire Office, and all the utensils belonging to his sugarhouse, that is moulds pots pans coolers and all other things connected, and the lease of the sugarhouse and dwelling house requesting that his executors run the sugarhouse until his son Hinrich Herman is of age to take over from them.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to be equally divided amongst his four children, or however many may be living at the time of his death.
Signed : George Wolrath Holtzmeyer on 25 August 1791.
Witnesses : John Hill of Snow Hill, and Wm Carlisle and Tho Dykes clerks to Barrow & Co.

Codicil ...
* In consideration for being given the utensils of the sugarhouse, his son should pay each of his sisters £100 when convenient.
* His executors should provide for his daughters during his son’s minority if they do not marry.
* If any of his daughters marry they should be given a marriage settlement of £1000 from their share of the estate.
* The 18 shares in Phoenix Fire Office to be divided equally amongst his children.
* To his daughter Ann Margaret £100 over and above what is mentioned.
* To his nephew John George Holtzmeyer £20.
* To his servant Grace Ffittz if living with him at the time of his decease £20.

Proved with a codicil at London on 15 February 1799 by the oath of Robert Charnley; Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer still being a minor to swear oath when of full age.
Proved with a codicil at London on 15 November 1803 by the oath of Hinrich Herman Holtzmeyer.

[TNA PROB 11/1319 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOLTZMEYER, Henrick Herman - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2101, 1849.
This is the last will of me Henrick Herman Holtzmeyer of John Street Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife all his household furniture and all other effects and property (except monies securities shares etc) in and about his dwelling house in Ladbroke Place West.
* To his wife and James Drake of Oxford St leather dealer all his freehold estates and all the residue of his personal estate upon trust to be sold at their discretion the proceeds from which to pay all his due debts and funeral expenses and to pay his wife £100 immediately to pay £50 to his adopted daughter Sarah Georgina now residing with him and to pay £10 to James Drake for a ring and then to invest the residue with the interest and dividends to his wife for her natural life and after her death upon trust ...
* ... to pay £400 to his youngest daughter and then to divide the residue into 3 equal parts: the proceeds from one part to his daughter Henrietta Georgette the wife of Henry Johnson for her natural life, the proceeds of the second part to his daughter Margaretta Sarah the wife of Robert Wright for her natural life, the proceeds of the third part to his daughter Charlotte for her natural life.
* Appoints his wife and James Drake as his executors.
Signed: H H Holtzmeyer. 8 September 1849.
Witnesses: John Lord 1 Hanover Terrace Villas Notting Hill, James Heather solicitor 17 Paternoster Row.

Proved at London 24 October 1849 by the oaths of Sarah Holtzmeyer relict and James Drake to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/2101 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOMEWOOD, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1441, 1806
In the Name of God Amen. This is the Last Will and Testament of me Thomas Homewood late of Thames St London Sugar Baker and now of Surrey Place in Surrey ...
* Names his trustees and executors as his wife Catherine Homewood, Matthew Lucas of Tower Hill lighterman, William Wise of Bording Kent maltster.
* To his executors in trust his leasehold house and premises at Newington Place Kennington now in the possession of Moses Gattin at the yearly rent of £52.10s together with the annuity lately purchased by him [Homewood] of Mr Turner which produces £450 a year and all his property in the Bank of England ... the rents dividends and interest to his wife Catherine Homewood for her natural life. At the death of his wife to be divided equally amongst his children (named as Catherine Homewood, Thomas Homewood, Anne Homewood, Sprigg Homewood, Henry Homewood, Maria Homewood) living at that time on reaching 21 years of age or marrying.
* All the rest and residue of his estate into the trust fund already mentioned.
Signed: Thomas Homewood 25 March 1806.
Witnesses: Matthew Heath Bermonsey Sq, Catherine Purery

Proved at London 14 April 1806 by the oaths of Catherine Homewood widow and relict Mathias Lucas (mistakenly written in the will as Matthew) and William Wise the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1441 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HORT, Isaac - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/461, 1701
In the Name of God Amen. I Isaac Hort of Bristol Sugar Baker ...
* To his wife Elizabeth Hort for her life all his goods chattels and estate whatsoever and after her death the same to his children equally.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Hort as his executrix.
* Appoints his brother-in-law Nicholas Seabourne mariner and William Clarke merchant overseers asking them to aid and assist his wife in the management of his estate.
Signed: Isaac Hort 2 November 1700.
Witnesses: Ann Papwell, Thomas Collett.

Proved at London 14 August 1701 by the oath of Elizabeth Hort to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/461 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HOWARD, Edward Charles - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1587, 1816
In the name of God Amen. This is the last will and testament of me Edward Charles Howard the son of Henry Howard late of Glossop, Derbyshire, now of Nottingham Place, Marylebone, London, [inventor of sugar refining equipment] ...
* All his property whatsoever to his executors his brother Bernard Edward Howard and his nephew Henry Charles Howard, whom he also appoints guardians of his infant children, in trust for the benefit of his children. Mention then made of his daughters Elizabeth Howard and Juliana Barbara Howard, his son Edward Howard, his late aunt Ann Molyneux, his nephew’s marriage to Lady Charlotte Gower.
Signed : Edward Charles Howard on 20 November 1815.

5 codicils ...
... to Charles Few of Covent Garden upon trust his three fifth shares in the patents he has obtained for the refining of sugar, 15% of income received every 3 months to be paid to John Powell now living with him with the residue to his executors. He authorizes the sale of his shares by his executors if they think fit. He asks that his establishment in Nottingham Place be kept up. He authorizes his executors to lay out parts of his children’s fortunes for their advancement if they think fit. Signed and dated 3 Sep 1816.
... if the patents yield £5000 then give to Mrs Powell wife of John Powell £500, and to the Governess of his children Miss Eaton £100. If they yield £10,000 then £200 to Miss Eaton. Signed and dated 16 Sep 1816.
... further benefit to John Powell and Henry Warburton.
... if his daughter Elizabeth Howard now living with him benefits by £5000 then give to Mrs Powell now living at his house £500, and to the Governess of his children Miss Eaton £100. If the benefit is £10,000 then to Miss Eaton a further £100. Signed and dated 26 Sep 1816.
... with regard to indentures with Henry Howard and James Wold for sums of £20,000, £5000 and £10,000, he now declares these the vested interests of his children immediately after his death, with the children benefiting at 4% per annum until they reach the age of 21 when they benefit by their shares of the principal sums. Signed and dated Sep 1816. Witnesses : William Babington, C Few, John Powell.

Appeared personally ... Charles Few, Thomas Hamilton, Thomas Jennings to swear to the accuracy etc of the will, there being considerable dispute regarding certain alterations pertaining to the benefits arising to Charles Few. Signed and dated 14 Dec 1816. Also a second appearance by Charles Few for the same reason. 24 Dec 1816.

Proved at London 30 December 1816 by the oaths of both executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1587 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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HUTCHESON, John Mitchell - Will - summary of Greenock Sheriff Court Wills ref: SC53/47/9, 1903
I John Mitchell Hutcheson Sugar Broker in Greenock ...
* Having not entered into a contract with his wife regarding the maintenance of both her and their children at the time of their marriage, he now has an abundance of property and free estate that he can make provision for them.
* To his trustees in trust ...
... his half share in the ground and houses on the south side of Hamilton Street, Greenock, of 36ft frontage and 71ft in depth, bounded to the east by that belonging to the late Gavin Fullarton surgeon and now belonging to Archibald Campbell Blackhouse, to the south by that of Andrew Anderson and Robert Lee merchants and William Fullarton, and to the west by that of Jane Taylor Wright, together with any buildings on the said land.
... five life assurance policies totalling almost £3000.
... the furniture and furnishings, including silver plate, china, books, pictures, engravings musical instruments, bed and table linen, at present in his house at Forsyth Street, Greenock, with full power to sell them for money as they think fit.
* Given that the above are in trust, the relevant rents are to be drawn and annual policies paid, with all the interest and income accrued to be paid to his wife for her maintenance and the upbringing and maintenance of the children born of their marriage. His wife and family to have the use of the said furniture and furnishings etc, on condition that if his wife shall remarry such provisions shall cease and she be restricted to an annuity of £100. The trustees are asked to continue the support, maintenance and upbringing of the children. At the death of his wife the trustees shall apply the interest from the whole of the monies and estates to the benefit of the children, and when each reaches 21 years, they shall receive their share of the principal sum. If any of his children die before him, their share to be applied to their own children if there are any, otherwise be divided amongst his remaining children.
* Names his wife Agnes Anderson or Hutcheson, Alexander Ferguson sailmaker and shipowner of Greenock, Benjamin Noble banker and merchant of Greenock and William Latham shipowner of Greenock and their heirs as his trustees and executors.
* All his debts and sickness and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All that shall remain, other than the above, shall be held by the trustees and applied to his wife and children in the same manner as above.
* The trustees shall be able to advance to each of his daughters from their shares, if required, up to £200 in the event of their marrying before the age of 21 years.
* Similarly, the trustees shall be able to advance up to £500 to each of his sons from their shares for their advancement in business.
Signed by John Mitchell Hutcheson 5 March 1870, and witnessed by George Macdonald writer of Greenock and Hugh Stewart.

Codicil ...
* Additionally appoints Donald Macdonald and Roderick Macdonald both sugar brokers of Greenock as trustes and executors to his will.
* In case his brother Robert Hutcheson may not be able to support himself, he grants him, at the descretion of his executors, the sum of no more than £1 per week for his maintenance and support.
* Having made loans to his brother-in-law John Macdonald, he asks his executors not to call in the loans, if they remain unpaid, but to allow his brother-in-law time to pay without detriment to his business and affairs.
* As he has interests in certain sailing ships and steamers and holds stock in railway and other companies, he allows his executors to confirm and continue those investments if they think fit with due regard for his means and estate.
Signed by John Mitchell Hutcheson 29 August 1876, and witnessed by George Macdonald writer, James Alexander Jarvie of Macdonald Hutcheson & Co Sugar Brokers in Greenock.

Codicil ...
* William Latham and Roderick Macdonald have died and other named executors are advanced in years (Alexander Ferguson, Benjamin Noble, Donald Macdonald). These are to be replaced by his daughter Marjorie Anderson Hutcheson of 38 Union St Greenock and his sons, Robert Hutcheson sugar merchant of London, William Anderson Hutcheson actuary of Edinburgh, John Hutcheson woollen manufacturer of Jedburgh, George Walter Hutcheson law clerk Edinburgh and James Morton Hutcheson mercantile clerk of Greenock (once he attains majority).
* After the deaths of himself and his wife, to his daughter or daughters providing she or they remain unmarried, the use and enjoyment of all his household furniture and effects, or such portion they shall select including silver plate, books china pictures except those bequeathed to other members of the family or other persons, and £60 per year during the time they shall remain unmarried over and above other provision made. After the death of the last of his daughters the said furniture etc to fall back into the general residue of his estate. If any of his sons shall become ill/invalid, they should be offers the same provisions as his daughters.
Signed by John Mitchell Hutcheson 19 January 1895, and witnessed by James Duncan Martin and Arthur Reid both clerks to Macdonald Hutcheson & Co sugar merchants of Greenock.

Codicil ...
* Cancels the appointment of his son James Morton Hutcheson mercantile clerk of Greenock now residing in London as one of his executors.
* The maintenance sum for his daughters in the previous codicil to be increased to £150 whilst there remain 4 daughters unmarried. When it reduces to three unmarried the sum to become £135, two unmarried £120, one unmarried £100. The same terms shall apply to invalid brothers.
* Any sums due to his son James Morton Hutcheson to be invested and the interest used for his maintenance. After his death the capital sum to be paid over to his issue equally. The executors to have the power to assume him back into the trust and also pay over what is due to him if they think fit.
Signed by John Mitchell Hutcheson of 25 Highbury Hill London 15 July 1902, and witnessed by Arthur Mellor Bramall solicitor 23 Leadenhall St London residing at 9 Highbury Hill London and Allan Mellor Bramall student of 9 Highbury Hill London.

London 7 December 1903 ... the Trust Disposition and Settlement and Codicils of John Mitchell Hutcheson. Signed: G W Hutcheson and W Lockhead.

Confirmation granted at Greenock, 12 December 1903, to George Walter Hutcheson examiner Dept of Official Receivers London, Agnes Anderson or Hutcheson widow and Marjorie Anderson Hutcheson daughter both of 25 Highbury Hill London, Robert Hutcheson 32 Sotheby Road Highbury Ave London, William Anderson Hutcheson actuary New York, and John Hutcheson woollen manufacturer St Aidan's Melrose, executors nominated in the will dated 5 March 1870 and codicils dated 19 January 1895 and 15 July 1902, and recorded in Court Books of Commissariot of Renfrew 12 December 1903. Value of Estate £1908 12s 7d.

[Greenock Sheriff Court Wills SC53/47/9 - copy of full original available at Scotlands People Wills.]

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IDLE, Michael - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/696, 1739
In the Name of God Amen. I Michael Idle of Pauls Wharf London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his brother Jeremiah Idle all his personal estate of whatever nature and appoints him sole executor.
Signed: Michael Idle 19 June 1739.
Witnesses: John Wilmer, John Sowray.

Proved at London 25 June 1739 by the oath of Jeremiah Idle the sole executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/696 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ILLIES, Luder - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/707, 1740
In the Name of God Amen. I Luder Illies of Worthfleth in the parish of Wersabe in the Bishoprick of Bremen in Low Germany but now in the City of Bristol ...
* To his brother Diedrich Illies all the estate goods and effects he inherited from his late father.
* To his brother Diedrich Illies all his wearing apparel, except linen, and £40.
* To his sister Margreta Buse wife of Deidrich Buse of Rechtenfleth £20, and to the said husband his watch, pair of silver buckles and hat.
* To his sister Motcke Reiners wife of Cord Reiners of Warfleth £20.
* To his sister Gissel Illies single woman £20.
* To his sister Imcke Addix wife of Liborius Addix of Utlede £20.
* To the churchwardens and overseers of the parish church of Wersabe £10 to be put towards the adorning and beautifying of the church.
* To his friend Margaret Seiben wife of his friend John Seiben sugar boiler of Bristol £5 for mourning.
* To his godson John Seibben son of John Seiben £20 to be paid when he reached age of 21 years.
* To John Seiben the elder £10 for a suit of mourning, and all his linen.
* All rest and residue of his estate after his just debts and legacies are paid to John Seiben the elder, who he appoints his sole executor.
Signed : Luder Illies 20 January 1740.
Witnesses : Christian Meyer, Roger Arthur.

Proved at London 19 February 1740 by the oath of John Seiben the elder to whom admon was granted.

[My thanks to Ann Hentschel.]
[TNA PROB 11/707 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ILLYES, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/556, 1716
In the Name of God Amen. I John Illyes of London Sugar Boyler ...
* To his father Jacob Illyes £100.
* To his cousin Hester Holdt-Sebben £10.
* To his cousin Harmen Illyes all the rest and residue of his estate after all just debts and expenses have been paid, and appoints him sole executor.
Signed: John Illyes 14 February 1716.
Witnesses: Pers Lewis, N Burton, Mary Crouch.

Proved at London 25 February 1716 by the oath of Harmen Illyes sole executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/556 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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IRESON, Daniel - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/846, 1759
In the Name of God Amen. I Daniel Ireson of Wellclose Square Sugar Baker ...
* To son John Ireson £2300 at age 21 years and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* To son George Ireson £2300 at age 21 years and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* To daughter Mary Ireson £2300 at age 21 years or on the day of her marriage which ever the earlier and in the meantime the same invested by his executors with the interest going towards his maintenance and education as required.
* If any of the above shall die before maturity, their legacy to be divided between the survivors.
* If his copartnership with Rudolph Meyer and John Markham exists at the time of his death, he wishes his wife Elizabeth Ireson to enter into the copartnership in his place. If necessary she is to fund the legacies to her children from the copartnership paying 5% for monies used.
* To friends Robert Pycroft and John Markham sugar baker £50 each.
* To his wife Elizabeth Ireson all the rest and residue of his money goods chattels and personal estate.
* No more than £20 be spent on his funeral.
* Appoints Robert Pycroft, John Markham and his wife Elizabeth Ireson as his executors.
Signed : Daniel Ireson 15 June 1736
Witnesses : Rudolf Meyer, William Curryer

Codicil ...
* Since making his will he has another son Rudolf. He asks that £500 be taken from the legacies of each of his above mentioned three children and £300 from rest and residue of his estate to make £1800 for Rudolf Ireson on the same conditions as above. 16 February 1745.

Codicil ...
* Since making his will he has another daughter Sarah. He asks that £300 be taken from the legacies of each of his above mentioned four children and £100 from rest and residue of his estate to make £1300 for Sarah Ireson on the same conditions as above. 17 February 1748. He notes that son John already has £1000 of his legacy.

2 May 1759 ... George Bagwell Ireson of St Botolph Without Aldgate Sugar Refiner the natural and lawful son of Daniel Ireson deceased and Thomas Ward of St Botolph Aldgate Sugar Refiner swore that the alterations, additions and codicils to the will were those of Daniel Ireson who died 13 December 1758.

Proved at London with two codicils 3 May 1759 by the oath of Elizabeth Ireson widow.

[My thanks to Ray Ison.]
[TNA PROB 11/846 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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ITTERNE, Godfrey von - Will - summary of Lloyd f.120 Sep 1686
(margin:- Tm Godfredi Von Itterne)
"In the Name of God Amen I Godfrey Von Itterne of the City of Bristoll Sugarbaker ... indisposed in body but of sound ... mind ... last Will and Testament as followeth -"
Imprimis Soul to God etc. Body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of Executors
Item - all debts "I doe really owe" at his death to be satisfied and paid first
Item - to loving Wife Abigail £200 in money and also all her jewels rings clothes and "pockett money that shee hath in her custody" and £20 for mourning and she is to have the same allowance that she now has "out of the worke of my stock" continued for one whole year after his death
Item - to son Samuel £1000 to be paid him at 24 years unless testator's Executors see reason for paying it sooner and "that hee carry himselfe as a dutifull son and an Apprentice ought"
If testator dies before son Samuel is bound an apprentice to such Trade or Calling as his Executors and Samuel shall think fit then the Executors are to pay for placing him an apprentice out of testator's other estate "without abateing any thing out of the said Legacie" of £1000
Item - to son Samuel testator's watch
Item - to son Godfrey Von Itterne £600 to be paid him at 21 and also his silver "Table booke"
also to Godfrey all testator's messuage or tenement with appurtenances situated in the fforrest of Deane co. Gloucester now in the possession of "one William Rock" which tenement was purchased by testator's wife from 'one Everard Collis"
Item - to daughter Susanna Von Itterne £700 to be paid her at 21 years or day of marriage whichever happens first
Item - to daughter Sarah £600 to be paid her at 21 years or day of marriage ditto
Item - to daughter Abigail £600 ditto ditto
Item - to daughter Deborah £600 ditto ditto
In case any of his children die before their respective legacies become due then the share of the one or ones who die shall be divided equally amongst the rest
Item - the respective "portions" given to son Godfrey and daughters Sarah Abigail and Deborah and the interest shall be dealt with from time to time by testator's wife Abigail to their best advantage till it is due to each respective child
To wife Abigail the use of all his household goods and plate as long as she remains his widow but if she marry then she is to pay to his six children viz Samuel Susanna Sarah Abigail Godfrey and Deborah or those that are then living so much money as the household goods and plate shall be valued at equally between them
Item - all the gold "I shall leave behind me" is to be divided equally amongst the married and unmarried children
Item - all the rest and residue of his goods chattels and estate not already bequeathed to go to his five unmarried children viz Susanna Sarah Abigail Godfrey and Deborah equally
But if such estate as he leaves to be divided over and above that herein bequeathed shall make his unmarried daughters' portions larger than those of his two married daughters then his two married daughters shall have the portions already given them made equal to those of his unmarried daughters
Item - to daughter Andrews his "Ebbony Cabinett"
Item - to son in law George Andrewes and his wife £15 for mourning
Item - to son in law Joseph Hooke and his wife £15 for mourning
Item - to his other children unmarried £40 between them for mourning
Item - to cousin "Anthony Woods Widow" £6 for mourning
Item - to the poor of the parish of St. James City of Bristol £20 to be invested at the direction of the Churchwardens for the time being and the interest to be paid to the poor annually for ever
Item - to Mr Thomas Horne Minister of the said parish 40/-
Item - to "severall poore Ministers" £20 to be distributed at the discretion of his Executors
Item - to the poor of the parish of St. James £3 to be "laid out" in bread
Item - to his "servant maids" 40/- each for mourning
His Executors and "the majority and survivors of them or their heires" are to sell his half part of the sugar house situated in Lewens Meade in the City of Bristol as well as possible and immediately use the money from this to pay testator's debts and legacies and none of his Executors are to be liable for any losses ... etc. etc. etc. and they are to have their expenses etc. etc.
Wife, sons in law George Andrews and Joseph Hooke and loving friends Michael Pope Merchant, James ffisher Grocer , William Burgis Grocer, and Benjamin Smith - Joint Executors - desiring them to "be carefull" in seeing his Will performed and each of them is to have £5 in money "as tokens"
Lastly he revokes all former wills
Dated 14 June 1686
Godfrey Von Itterne
Witnesses - Morgan Phillips, Jeremiah Mayre, Thomas Gardner, Ozziell Browne
Proved - London (P.C.C.) 14 September 1686 by Abigail Von Itterne relict, George Andrewes, Joseph Hooke, Michael Pope, James ffisher, William Burgis and Benjamin Smith Executors to whom admon. was granted etc. etc.

[Transcribed by I V Hall. Bristol Record Office - BRO 36772 Box 3]

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JAGER, John Herman - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1177, 1789
In the Name of God Amen. I John Herman Jager of St Andrew Wardrobe Sugar Refiner ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* All the rest and residue of his estate real and personal goods and chattels of what ever kind to his wife Elizabeth Jager, and appoints her his sole executrix.
Signed: John Herman Jager 20 July 1783.
Witnesses: V Nevill, Thomasin Siebert, John Kayser.

Codicil ... To his brother John Jager 12 guineas to be paid by his executrix within twelve months of his death. If this is after the death of his executrix then his said brother is to have his cloaks watch reading glass and gold ring. Also to his friend William Feltwell senior 10 guineas.
Signed: John Herman Jager 13 January 1789. Witnesses: William Robinson, DJ Derose.

Proved at London with a codicil 3 March 1789 by the oath of Elizabeth Jager widow and relict to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1177 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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JOHNSON, Christian - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1032, 1777
In the Name of God Amen. I Christian Johnson of Green Street Leicester Fields in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner ...
* He confirms the assignment and trust deed made by him to Mr George Wolf of Wellclose Square for the disposal of £370 and directs the same sum and all the rest and residue of his estate to Mr Anthony Fortune and his (CJ's) niece Margaret Fortune for their own use for ever.
* Appoints Mr George Wolf sole executor of his will.
Signed : Christian Johnson. 24 June 1775.
Witnesses : Niels Trarre, Niels Frarris.

Proved at London 6 June 1777 by the oath of George Wolf to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1032 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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JOHNSON, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/743, 1745
In the Name of God Amen. The Last Will and Testament of me John Johnson of St Bennet Pauls Wharf London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his executors in trust £1500 of which £900 in trust for William Johnson Edward Johnson and Jane Johnson the children of his brother Charles Johnson equally on reaching age 21 years. If one or two shall die in the meantime their share(s) between the survivors or to the survivor. If all shall die in the meantime the whole sum to his aunt Sarah Butler for her own use. The remaining £600 in trust for William Evans and Jane Evans the children of his sister Sarah Evans equally under the same terms as above.
* To his brother Thomas Johnson for his natural life an annuity of £20 paid half-yearly, and £20 for mourning.
* To his sister Sarah Evans for his natural life an annuity of £20 paid half-yearly, and £20 for mourning.
* To his cousin Christopher Butler £50 for mourning.
* £20 for mourning to each of his brothers Charles Johnson and Robert Johnson, his sisters Mary Johnson and Margaret Johnson, his aunt Jane Butler and her two daughters Susanna Lloyd and Mary Butler.
* £10 for mourning to each of his cousins John Lloyd and Henry Lloyd, and any other persons as his aunt Sarah Butler shall see fit.
* To his aunt Sarah Butler 100 guineas.
* To his executors in trust all his estates both real and personal of whatever nature from which to pay all his just debts funeral expenses and the aforementioned legacies.
* During the life of his sister Jane Price his executors to pay to her the rents and profits from the residue of his estate both real and personal, and after her death to her children equally, and if no children to his aunt Sarah Butler.
* Appoints his aunt Sarah Butler, his cousin Christopher Butler and his brother Thomas Johnson as his executors.
Signed: John Johnson 10 November 1743.
Witnesses: M Chamberlayne, John Parker, J Chamberlayne.

Proved at London 2 November 1745 by the oaths of Sarah Butler and Christopher Butler two of the executors named to whom admon was granted with power reserved to Thomas Johnson the other executor.

[TNA PROB 11/743 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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JONES, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/771, 1749
In the Name of God Amen. I Henry Jones of St Giles Cripplegate of London Charcoalman ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Eleanor Jones £50, and the interest from £500 plus the interest from the remains of his effects during her natural life.
* After the death of his wife ...
... To the Treasurer of the Independent Fund for the maintenance of Poor Dissenting Ministers £400.
... To Rev Thomas Bradbury £50.
... To Rev Joseph Pitts £10.
... To the Poor of the Church that assembles in the new court near __ __ £10.
... To Thomas Porter junior £5.
... To the Governors of the Charity School in Bartholomew Close £5 for the use of the Charity children.
... To each of his executors £10.
... To his executors all the rest and residue of his real and personal estate to be disposed of for promoting the interests of religion amongst Protestant Dissenters.
* Appoints James Chater of Aldersgate St London watchmaker and John Winter of St Margarets Westminster as his executors.
Signed: Henry Jones 17 April 1745.
Witnesses: Thomas Selby, Charles Pickever, Eliza Chater.

Proved at London 14 June 1749 by the oaths of James Chater and John Winter the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/771 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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JUXON, John - snippet of Will 1626
[NB. This is a huge will.]
* To his wife Judith Juxon £900 which he hopes she will continue to invest in the family sugarhouse in Walbrook, London, in partnership with his brother Arthur Juxon for 4 years, and that she will also live at the sugarhouse ... otherwise £900 cash within 6 months of his decease.
* His investment in the East India Company to be sold and the £1500 to be invested in the sugarhouse with the profits from that money going to benefit his 5 children.
Signed : 17 August 1626.
Proved : 27 November 1635.

[PRO PROB 11/150/112. Full transcription in "The Journal of Thomas Juxon" ed. Lindley & Scott, CUP, 1999.]

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JUXON, Thomas - snippet of Will 1672
Thomas was a partner in a sugarhouse for some years after his apprenticeship in 1637, but it does not figure in his will at all. His will shows numerous properties in the south of England and in Ireland.
Signed : 6 June 1672.
Proved : 21 Dec 1672.

[PRO PROB 11/340/147. Full transcription in "The Journal of Thomas Juxon" ed. Lindley & Scott, CUP, 1999.]

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KEBBERLING, John Conrad - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1809, 1832
I John Conrad Kebberling of Sheffield in the County of York Sugar Refiner ...
* All his Parliamentary and Government stocks and securities, both in his full name and that of Conrad Kebberling, to his executors in trust.
* To be raised from the dividends and interest of the said stocks and securities, an annuity of £30 by even weekly payments to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling for his natural life.
* To his wife Sophia Kebberling the rest and residue of the dividends and interest from those same stocks and securities for her natural life.
* After the death of his wife Sophia, without prejudice to the annuity to his son Samuel Ebenezer, from the stocks and securities mentioned £200 to his daughter Sophia Hudson the wife of Robert Hudson of Sheffield druggist for her own sole use. And one moiety of the said stocks and securities to the said daughter Sophia Hudson for her natural life and after her death the same to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling with him paying £15 per year to the child or children of his deceased sister. And the other moiety of the said stocks and securities to his daughter Maria Bembridge wife of John Bembridge of Sheffield for her natural life and after her death the same to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling with him paying £15 per year to the child or children of his deceased sister.
* All his household goods furniture plate linen china and books and all other shares and property belonging to him at the time of his death in the Sheffield Fire Office and the Sheffield Gas Light Company and all his other personal estate to his wife Sophia Kebberling.
* Appoints his wife Sophia Kebberling, friend Henry Gouldthorpe of Sheffield haft dresser and friend William Darrvent of Sheffield cooper as his executors and trustees.
Signed: John Conrad Kebberling 26 May 1831
Witnesses: Thomas Branson, Henry Lowther.

Codicil Ð regarding the annuity to his son Samuel Ebenezer Kebberling. If his son shall at any time assign or transfer that annuity or any part of it in any way, or his son shall at any time become bankrupt, or benefit from relief, the annuity will cease immediately.
Codicil Ð executor Henry Gouldthorpe has died. Nominates a substitute and appoints John Carr of Sheffield surgeon to be trustee and executor.

Proved at London with two codicils 31 December 1832 by the oaths of Sophia Kebberling widow and William Darrvent and John Carr.

[TNA PROB 11/1809 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KIDD, Robert - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/692, 1738
In the Name of God Amen. I Robert Kidd of Thames Street Sugar Refiner and Citizen and Haberdasher of London ...
* All his estate real and personal leasehold or freehold stock in trade and all other goods rights and credits to his wife Sarah Kidd and her heirs for their own use, and appoints his said wife as his sole executrix.
Signed: Robert Kidd 15 April 1736.
Witnesses: Wm. Norris, Ed. Norris.

Proved at London 21 November 1738 by the oath of Sarah Kidd widow and relict and sole executrix to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/692 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KING, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1507, 1810
Memorandum of an agreement between George King of Goswell Street St James Clerkenwell Charcoal Merchant and Esther Westbrook of Orpington [reads Orponton] Kent widow ...
* The said G King agrees with the said Esther Westbrook to live with her at said residence.
* The said G King agrees to give her full possession of all and every sort of goods and chattels of which he may be possessed situate in Goswell Street or elsewhere during her natural life. If E Westbrook dies before G King the said goods and chattels to become the property of G King as if there had been no agreement. If George King dies before Esther Westbrook his goods and chattels to become her property and that of her heirs for ever.
Signed: George King 21 January 1809.
Witnesses: J Wood, Salmon Morton, Wm Clark.

On 13 January 1810 admon was granted to Esther Westbrook widow the universal legatee having first sworn to administer as executor.

[TNA PROB 11/1507 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KITZEROW, Johann Heinrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1814, 1833
Translation from the German by John Harrison notary public 15 September 1824 at Parchim, Germany.
Johann Heinrich Kitzerow journeyman baker (late Sugar Refiner of London) of Parchim born at Kieckindemark ...
* After his decease the children and successors of his two deceased sisters, Gretha Eva Dorothea Kitzerow wife of the late Weidemann wood-ward at Kieckindemark and Wilkolmina Catherina Kitzerow wife of the late Johann Heinrich Weidemann joiner at Doernitz namely:
1 The children of the deceased Johann Weidemann of Grabor.
2 Friedericke Weidermann married to Harttoig a tailor in Bruol.
3 Louise Weidemann married to Kallies a blacksmith in Bruol.
4 Ludwig Weidemann goldsmith at Nourvied on the Rhine.
5 Christian Weidemann surgeon in Silesia.
6 Johanna Weidemann servant maid now at Wismar.
7 Freiderick Weidemann journeyman butcher at Lubeck.
8 Catharina Weidemann servant maid now at Doernitz.
... and if any shall die before his decease their share to be divided equally amongst their survivors, however the said survivors to receive no more than the one eighth part their father or mother would have received. And the said Louise Weidemann wife of Kallies to have 100Rds charged against her portion to repay a loan from him. If others are paid a loan by him before his decease then that shall be charged against their portion.
In testimony: G C Voss, R Ross, P Spering. Publication in Court at Parchim 14 March 1832.

On 20 April 1833 admon with will annexed of the goods and chattels and credits of Johann Heinrich Kitzerow formerly of Gravel Lane Houndsditch London Sugar Refiner but late of Parchim in Germany deceased was granted to Carl Ludwig Friederick Weidemann (in will written Friederick Weidemann) the nephew and one universal legatee named being first sworn to administer as executor.

[TNA PROB 11/1814 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KNIES, Andrew - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1509, 1810
In the name of God Amen. I Andrew Knies of Well Close Square in the parish of St George in the East ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his niece __ Klippell daughter of his late brother Francis Knies his freehold messuage in Hesse Cassel for her natural life, and after her decease equally amongst her children.
* To Theophilus Pritzler the Elder of Chelsea, twelve months after his decease, his freehold messuage and premises at 43 Well Close Square where he now resides for his natural life, and after his decease to his wife Mrs Frances Pritzler if she be alive for her natural life, and after her decease to their daughter and his goddaughter Marianne Varlo wife of Captain Varlo and her heirs for ever. His brother John Balthazar Knies to be permitted to live in the premises for the twelve months after the testator's decease.
* To his executors in trust his freehold premises in Princes Square St Geo East consisting of a sugarhouse and sundry messuages to be sold at a good price which is to become part of his personal estate.
* To his executors in trust his freehold premises at 10 Well Close Square to be conveyed to Mary Ann Knies Itter daughter of Andrew Itter of Wentworth Street Spitalfields sugar refiner and her heirs for ever on her attaining the age of majority subject to the life of Johannes Itter of Greenfield Street as hereinafter mentioned, but if she should die before age of 21 years then on the death of Johannes Itter the premises to be sold and the money become part of his personal estate. His execs to pay the rents and proceeds of the premises to Johannes Itter for his natural life, after his death to Mary Ann Knies Itter, but if Johannes Itter dies during the minority of Mary ann Knies Itter the payments to Andrew Itter for her maintenance and education.
* To his brother John Knies £1000; if he has died then equally to his children on reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his nephew John Knies son of John Knies £300.
* To his brother John Stephen Knies £1000; if he has died then equally to his daughters on reaching the age of 21 years.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies £6000; if he has died then to become part of his residual estate.
* To the child or children of his late niece __ Duderick £2000 equally on reaching 22 years of age, in the meantime the capital to be invested with the interest used for the maintenance and education of the said child or children.
* To Marianne Varlo wife of Captain Varlo of Woolwich his silver tea kettle and stand.
* To his neice __ Klippell £1200; if she has died then equally to her children on reaching the age of 22 years, and he appoints Melchior Duderick as their guardian and trustee.
* To his godson Andrew Klippell son of niece __ Klippell £500 to be invested and the interest used for his maintenance and education during his minority.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies his jewels clocks watches rings plate trinkets looking glasses, his large diamond ring, and all his household furniture for his sole use.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies, Melchior Duderick and the three Ministers of the Reformed Church in Hesse Cassel where he was confirmed £500 to be invested with the interest to be distributed annually a week before Christmas to the poor people of Hesse Cassel considered to be "proper objects of charity" not giving less than one or more than five dollars to any one person.
* To the Waisen House [orphanage] of Hesse Cassel £500.
* To his brother John Balthazar Knies £200 in trust to be given amongst the poor people of Hesse Cassel considered to be "proper objects of charity".
* To the Elders of the German Reformed Church in the Savoy £200 for the benefit of the church and also £100 to invested with the interest being distributed amongst the poor.
* To the Minister of the German Reformed Church in the Savoy £10 for mourning and a mourning ring, and to the organist, the organ blower and the pew opener five guineas each.
* To the son and daughter of the late James & Jesse Savage £100 equally for their own use.
* To the Middlesex Society for Educating Poor Children in the Protestant Religion in Cannon Street Road £50.
* To the Tower Hamlets Society for Educating Poor Children in the Protestant Religion in Pell Street £50.
* To the Phoenix Firemen's Fund £100.
* To the Mulbery Garden Chapel in Pell Street £100, and to the Minister Rev Robert Stodhart £50 and a mourning ring, and five guineas each to the prayer reader and the clerk, and two guineas each to the pew openers.
* To his execs £3000 to be invested with the interest to his godson Andrew Itter for his natural life and after his death for the benefit of his widow Mrs Mary Itter and their children equally.
* To his godson Andrew Itter two shares in Phoenix Fire Office and two shares in Pelican Life Insurance Office and £10 for mourning and a mourning ring. Also his china and glasses.
* To Margaret Itter, Mary Ann Itter and John Itter children of his cousin Johannes Itter £500 each, and a further £10 each for mourning, and appoints their father Johannes Itter as their trustee and guardian during their minority.
* To his cousin Johannes Itter all his shirts and wearing apparel.
* To his execs £1500 to be invested with the interest to his cousin Johannes Itter and his wife Mary Itter for their natural lives, and after the death of the later of them the capital sum equally amongst their children. Also a mourning ring to both of them.
* To his cousin Johannes Itter his table and bed linen, but nothing shall be removed from his house until his brother John Balthazar Knies arrives from abroad so that he might use them as long as he is in England providing that does not exceed twelve months.
* To Mary Wood of Gloucester Street Commercial Road widow of his late friend James Wood £50 and £5 for mourning.
* To Ruth Ward widow of Captain Anthony Ward £200 and £5 for mourning.
* To Margaret Bocht £100 and £5 for mourning.
* To his goddaughter Sarah Smallwood formerly Sarah Engel £20 for mourning and a mourning ring.
* To his goddaughter Ruth Batger £20 for mourning and a mourning ring.
* To the daughter of the late Andrew Wilks £20.
* To the daughter of the late Balthazar Wilks £30.
* To Theophilus Pritzler the Elder, his wife and daughter £20 each for mourning and a mourning ring, and also the debt of £1150 on bond dated 1793 from Theophilus Pritzler along with all interest due.
* To Mrs Walbery five guineas.
* To the Missionary Society of which Doctor Hawes is a member £50.
* To Mary Griffith niece of Mrs Wood seven guineas for mourning and a ring.
* To the daughter of the sister of Mary Marlow Williams his late son's _?_ ten guineas.
* To Mary Browning his cook £50 and "the bed and bedding compleat whereon she lays"...
... to Rebeka? Fenwick his housekeeper £100 and "the bed and bedding compleat whereon she lays"...
... to Ralph Winter his manservant £150; and to each seven guineas for mourning. He directs that immediately after his death Johannes Itter is to pay these three 10s a week each whilst they remain in his house awaiting the arrival of his brother.
* To Lucy Allwright wife of Thomas Allwright tallow chandler ten guineas.
* To Ruth Ward a further £10.
* To Mr H Sass of corner of King Street Holborn ten guineas.
* To John Coope of Osborn St sugar refiner and Henry Batger of New Road cabinet maker £100 for there troubles as execs.
* There is £500 plus interest due on bond from Theophilus Pritzler the Younger ... he directs this to go to Theophilus Pritzler the Younger and his sister Marianne Varlo equally.
* All the rest and residue of his personal estate and effects ... one third part to his brother John Balthazar Knies, one third part to his brother John Stephen Knies, one sixth part to the children of his niece __ Duderick, and one sixth part to his niece __ Klippell.
* Appoints John Balthazar Knies, Johannes Itter, Theophilus Pritzler the Elder, John Coope and Henry Batger as his executors.
Signed : Andrew Knies 11 June 1808.
Witnesses : Richard Rutson, Henry Brown, John Younger.

Proved at London 30 March 1810 by the oaths of John Balthazar Knies, Johannes Itter, John Coope and Henry Batger the surviving executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1509 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KNUPPEL, Wilhelm - summary of Probate 1897
Knuppel William of the 'Cock and Neptune' St George's-street Middlesex died 8 May 1897 Probate London 31 May to William Green gentleman and Henry John William Box licensed-victualler Effects £3890 9s 8d.

[TNA National Probate Calender.]

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KORFF, Frederick - summary of Will 1863
This is the last will and testament of me Frederick Korff of 4 Devonshire Terrace, Victoria Park Road, South Hackney, Sugar Broker ...
* All debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his brother William Thomas Korff his silver cup won by his yacht “Yda” [his mother’s name - BM], his diamond ring, wearing apparel, linen and other personal ornaments. If William dies first, then these items to fall into the residue of his estate.
* All the rest and residue of his estate in equal shares to his brother and sisters William Thomas Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff, or those that are living at the time of his death.
* Appoints his brother and sisters William Thomas Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff as his executors.
Signed : Frederick Korff on 28 September 1859.
Witnesses : A Goodwin solicitor 4 Essex Court Temple, C Bower 6 Devonshire Terrace.

Died on 8 December 1862 at 4 Devonshire Terrace.

Proved at London 17 January 1863 by the oath William Thomas Korff of the same address.

[With thanks to Denise Thompson.]

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KORFF, William Conrad - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1700, 1825
In the name of God Amen. I William Conrad Korff of Hackney Road, Middlesex, [Sugar] Broker ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To Yda Aallofs “who for many years has lived with me” all his household goods plate linen china and household furniture in and about his dwelling house for her absolute use.
* All rest and residue of his estate to his executors, to convert into money and invest in public funds or stocks upon trust for Yda Aallofs, and George William Korff, Anna Maria Korff, John Korff, Catherina Korff, Frederick Korff, and William Thomas Korff “my reputed natural children by the said Yda Aallofs” and any further children he may have by her, shared equally. The share to be paid to Yda Aallofs as soon as possible, with the shares to each of his reputed sons to be given when they reach the age of 21 years, and the shares to each of his reputed daughters to be given when they reach the age of 21 years or marry whichever the earlier. The interest from the shares of his reputed children, whilst still below the age of 21 years, to be paid to Yda Aallofs for their respective maintenance and education, or to another executor for the same purpose should she die. In the event of a child or children dying before the age oe 21 years, their respective share to be divided equally amongst Yda Aallofs and the surviving children.
* Appoints Yda Aallofs and George Soltau or William Soltau of Green Lettuce Lane, City of London, Merchant, as executors and guardians.
Signed : William Conrad Korff 26 May 1803.
Witnesses : Thomas Dawes and John Spottiswood his clerk.

Codicil : I William Conrad Korff this 1 April 1817 ... having seen his eldest son George William Korff become established, he hopes to see the others do the same ... however he wills that ...
* Any spare money, along with his funds in a named investment, shall be put to interest for the benefit of Yda Aallofs, and she shall also have his furniture etc including plate, except the grand piano which is the sole property of his daughter Anna Maria Korff, or if she should die then her sister Catherina Korff. After Yda Aallofs death all to be divided equally amongst his children. It is to be understood that Yda Aallofs is to fully support his chidren until they are earning their own living in the case of his sons and married in the case of his daughters. When any of the children marry they are to receive the same as George William Korff did.
* His second son John Korff is about to embark on a career in ship building [ NB. It is this John Korff after which Coff’s Harbour, NSW, Australia is named - DT ] and when he has served his time and wishes to set up in business then half or the whole of his share shall be made available to him for that purpose.
* His third son Frederick Korff is a bound apprentice to his father. When his time is out his father hopes he will be taken into partnership by [sugar] brokers Mr John Chapman & his brother George William Korff, or partner his brother, or set up in business himself.
* His fourth son William Thomas Korff is too young to have settled a situation and shall be kept by Yda Aallofs along with his sisters Anna Maria Korff and Catherina Korff.
Witnesses : John Korff and Anna Maria Korff.

Appeared Personally : John Francis Chapman of 63 Fenchurch St London Sugar Broker and David William Witton of the same Merchant made oath that the handwriting and wishes of the codicil were those of William Conrad Korff deceased. Signed 27 May 1825.

Proved at London with a codicil on 13 June 1825 by the oaths of Yda Aallofs and William Soltau.

[TNA PROB 11/1700 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KORFF, William Thomas - summary of Will 1871
This is the last will and testament of me William Thomas Korff of 4 Devonshire Terrace, Victoria Park Road, South Hackney, Sugar Broker ...
* All real and personal estate and effects equally amongst his brother and sisters Frederick Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff, or those that are living at the time of his death.
* Appoints his brother and sisters Frederick Korff, Anna Maria Korff and Catherine Korff as his executors.
Signed : William Thomas Korff on 28 September 1859.
Witnesses : A Goodwin solicitor 4 Essex Court Temple, C Bower 6 Devonshire Terrace.

Died on 26 August 1871 at 107 Victoria Park Road (formerly known as 4 Devonshire Terrace).

Proved at London 25 September 1871 by the oath of Catharina Korff of the same address the sole surviving executor.

[With thanks to Denise Thompson.]

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KRAMER, Carl Friderick - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1520, 1811
In the Name of God Amen. I Charles (or Carl) Friderick Kramer of Distaff Lane London Sugar Refiner ...
* Wishes to be buried near his wife in the churchyard of St Gregory near St Pauls.
* To his son Charles Philip £150.
* To his son Johan Peter £150.
* To his daughter Maria Anna £200.
* To his daughter Antonetta Elisabet £200.
* Above, the girls given more because they have been less of an expense in terms of education and apprenticeships.
* To his two daughters above all his household furniture their mother's cloths beds linen chairs tables silver tea spoons tea services, in a word everything except his clothes.
* To his sons above all his clothes.
* He also has an inheritance due to him in his own country and if his two sons above wish to fetch it it is theirs equally.
* If his estate adds up to more than listed then the extra to be shared equally amongst his four children.
Signed: Carl Friderick Kramer 15 December 1810.
Witnesses: Christr Edelman, Daniel Tolkien.

Proved at London 16 March 1811 by the oath of Charles Philip Kramer the son to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1520 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KRETENMEYER, Anne - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1209, 1791
In the Name of God Amen. I Anne Kretenmeyer widow of St Botolph Aldgate Sugar Refiner ...
* All her wearing apparel equally to Mary Hart and Susanna Hart daughters of the late Samuel Hart of Brackley Northamptonshire and to Ann Edwards and Mary Edwards daughters of Mary Edwards of Banbury Oxfordshire.
* All the rest and residue of her estate to her nephew John Frederick Kretenmeyer of St Botolph Aldgate for his own use, and appoints him sole executor of her will.
Signed: Ann Kretenmeyer 5 July 1790.
Witnesses: Elizabeth Anne Nightingale, James Henry Allebon of Upper East Smithfield.

Proved at London 24 October 1791 by the oath of John Frederick Kretenmeyer sole executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1209 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KROGER, Gunter Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1124, 1784
I Gunter Henry Kroger of Bristol Sugar Refiner ...
* All his real and personal estate whatsoever to his executor in trust to be changed into money, all the debts owing to him to be collected, and all his own debts and funeral expenses to be paid. The surplus of the monies to be paid to his wife Ann Kroger for her own use.
* Appoints William Miles of Bristol his sole executor.
Signed: Gunter Henry Kroger 8 November 1784.
Witnesses: Joseph Rogers, James Davis.

Proved at London 6 December 1784 by the oath of William Miles sole executor to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1124 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KRUG, Frederick Otto - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1797, 1832
In the Name of God Amen. I Frederick Otto Krug of 2-12 Gowers Walk Whitechapel Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* His sugarhouse to be worked out and the lease and utensils to be disposed of by his executors as they think fit.
* To his housekeeper Charlotte Butler £10.
* To his boiler Charles Salisbury £10.
* All the rest and residue of his property what ever it may be namely household furniture plate glass china and every other description of articles to be sold to be given in this order to
... first to his brother Christopher Krug his children one third part,
... second to his sister Sophia Krug otherwise Sophia Knoop one third part,
... third to his sister Elizabeth Krug otherwise Elizabeth Hildebrandt the remaining one third part.
* Appoints his esteemed friends Werner Hook sugar refiner Silver St Wapping and Albert Briebach gent [sugar refiner] of John Street St Georges, and £10 to each of them for their troubles.
Signed: Frederick Otto Krug 23 February 1832.
Witnesses: John Smith Gowers Walk, John Francis Puest Gowers Walk.

Proved at London 10 March 1832 by the oaths of Werner Hocke (in the will writen Hook) and Albert Briebach the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1797 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KUCHELL, John David - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1085, 1781
In the Name of God Amen. I John David Kuchell of St Botolph Aldgate Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his sister Mary Marenburg formerly Kuchell £100 stock in 4% annuities and £50 in the same stock equally to her children. If no children the total £150 to his said sister and if she has died then the total equally amongst her children. If all dead then the total equally amongst John Peter Riser of Old Bailey watchmaker, George Fogel of Wapping sugar refiner, Michael Bergenroth of Thames Street sugar refiner, and Nicholas Miller of St John Wapping.
* To John Peter Riser of Old Bailey watchmaker £20 stock.
* To George Fogel of Wapping sugar refiner £20 stock.
* To Michael Bergenroth of Thames Street sugar refiner £20 stock.
* To Nicholas Miller of St John Wapping £20 stock.
* Appoints the said John Peter Riser, George Fogel and Michael Bergenroth as his joint executors.
Signed: J D Kuchell 27 November 1781.
Witnesses: Robert Towers, William Bumster.

Codicil. If any surplus remains of his effect, his executors to apply them as they think fit.

19 December 1781 Robert Towers of Old Bailey victualler appeared personally to swear that the codicil was indeed that of the deceased.

Proved at London 20 December 1781 by the oaths of John Peter Riser, George Fogel and Michael Bergenroth the executors to whom admon was granted.

15 June 1808 there were further dealings with this will regarding his sister and her children.

[TNA PROB 11/1085 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KUCK, Peter - Will - PRO PROB 11/2171, 1853
This is the last will and testament of Peter Kuck of Christian Street in the parish of St George in the County of Middlesex sugar refiner in manner following (that is to say) first I direct that all my just debts funeral and testamentary expenses to be fully paid and satisfied. I give and bequeath unto my wife Eleanor Amelia Kuck all my household furniture plate linen china wines liquors and other household effects and my books for her absolute use and benefit. I also give and bequeath unto my said wife an annuity of the yearly sum of one hundred and twenty pounds payable quarterly during her natural life or as long as she shall remain my widow and from and after her second marriage then in lieu and stead of the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds I give and bequeath to her an annuity of twenty pounds a year only payable quarterly for and during her natural life. The first payment of the said first mentioned annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds to be paid at the end of three calendar months after my decease and the first payment of the said last annuity of twenty pounds to be paid to her at the end of three calendar months from the time of said second marriage the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be charged and chargeable upon and yearly issuing and payable out of all the singular estate situate and being in Christian Street aforesaid and existing of several sugar houses and other buildings the one of which said sugar houses was heretofore my leasehold estate but now by reason of a recent purchase by me at a private auction of the freehold thereof (together with the freehold of the adjoining sugar house and premises in the occupation of Messrs Schroders) the same has become and now is my freehold property although not yet been converted to use. And I hereby declare that in case the said annuity or yearly rent charge of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be or any part thereof shall be in arrear by the space of twenty days next after any of the said days therein before appointed for payment thereof then and in such case and as often as the same may happen it shall be lawful for my said wife and her assigns to enter into and obtain the said sugar houses and buildings and other hereditements therein before charged or any part thereof and to sell and dispose of the distress and distresses then and there found or otherwise to act therein according to law in the manner as in case of distresses for rent reserved by laws or common business. To the intent that thereby or otherwise the said annuity or yearly rent charge of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be and every part thereof and all rents charges and expenses occasioned by the non-payment thereof shall be lawfully paid and satisfied. And I also declare that in case the said annuity or annual rent change of one hundred and twenty pounds and twenty pounds as the case may be or any part thereof respectively shall be in arrear for the space of thirty one days next after any of the said days therein before appointed for payment thereof then and in such case and so after as the same shall happen it shall be lawful for my said wife and her assigns from time to time to enter into and upon and to hold the said sugar houses buildings and other hereditements or any of them or any part thereof and to recover any take the rents and profits thereof to her and their own use and benefit until thereby and otherwise she or they shall be lawfully paid and be satisfied the annuity or yearly rent charge and the arrear thereof did at the time of such entry and which shall afterwards become due during her or their said in possession of the same premises together with all rents charges and expenses which she or they shall sustain by occasion of the non-payment thereof and with possession when taken to be without impeachment of waste. I give and bequeathed unto my niece Ann Garms residing with me at my house at Leytonstone in the County of Essex the sum of three hundred pounds. I also give and bequeath unto my son and executor hereinafter named the sum of two hundred pounds. I wish to pay the same unto the proper hands of Elizabeth Cooper previous Elizabeth Tilley the mother of my said son and executor to and for her own use and benefit free and independent of her present or any future husband and I declare that her receipt alone notwithstanding her present or any future overture shall be a good and sufficient disclaimer to said executor. I also give and bequeath unto the trustees of the German & English School situate in Little Alie Street in the parish of St Mary Whitechapel in the County of Middlesex the sum of fifty pounds to be applied by them for the benefit of the said School. I also give and bequeath unto the trustees of the German Chapel situate in Little Alie Street aforesaid the like sum of fifty pounds to be applied by them for the benefit of the said Chapel. _ as to all the Rest Residue and Hereditements both Stock and Equity real or personal or of collective nature or kind the same or consist of I give devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof but declare as aforesaid with the said annuity so given to my said wife unto my natural son Peter Tilley the child of the said Elizabeth Cooper formerly Elizabeth Tilley by me the said Peter KŸck and who is commonly named and known as my son Peter Kuck and now carries out the business of Sugar Refiner in partnership with me the said Peter Kuck of Christian Street aforesaid to hold the same unto my said son Peter Tilley his heirs sworn and administrators and assigns absolutely for ever for his and their own use and benefit. And I particularly request and desire that my said son Peter Tilley shall upon becoming entitled to the said property as given and devised to him by this my Will take upon himself and use the name of Peter Kuck. And I appoint my said son Peter Tilley sole Executor of this my Will having cancelled and made void all former and other wills by me at any time heretofore made and declare this to be my only true Will. In witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand this fifth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty one Peter Kuck - Signed and declared by the testator Peter Kuck as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us both present at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto to set our names as witnesses hereto Wm Horsley Solicitor & Frank Chambers clerk for Wm Horsley & Co of the same place.

This is a Codicil to the last will and testament of me Peter Kuck as follows (that is to say) whereas by my said last will and testament I have give and bequeathed unto my niece Ann Garms the sum of three hundred pounds and unto my son and executor the sum of two hundred pounds upon the trusts in the said will mentioned now I the said Peter KŸck hereby direct that the said two several legacies of three hundred pounds and two hundred pounds shall be charged upon and payable out of all and any of my freehold estate or estates wheresoever situate I may be devised of or otherwise entitled to. And I do hereby charge the said several legacies on such freehold estate and estates accordingly and in all other respects I ratify my said Will on witness whereof I have to this Codicil set my hand this sixth day of May one thousand eight hundred and fifty one Peter Kuck - Signed and declared that the testator [Peter] KŸck as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us both at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our hands as witnesses thereto Wm Horsley & Frank Chambers City Chas Herbert.

This is a second Codicil to the last will and testament of me Peter KŸck whereas I have by my said will and testament given and bequeathed unto my wife Eleanor Amelia Kuck an annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds now I do hereby give and bequeath unto the said Eleanor Amelia Kuck a further annuity or yearly sum of eighty pounds for and during the term of her natural life and as long as she shall remain my widow and unmarried a second time to be enjoyed by her in addition to the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds given and bequeathed to her as aforesaid such further annuity of eighty pounds to be paid and payable quarterly together with and at the same times and in the like proportions and charged and chargeable upon and yearly issuing out of the same heriditments and premises in Christian Street and with the like powers of entry and distress and entry respectively in case of arrear for twenty days and thirty one days respectively as are mentioned appointed and declared in and by my aforesaid Will with respect to the said annuity of one hundred and twenty pounds. And I ratify and confirm my said Will and first codicil therein in all other respects. In witness whereof I have to this second codicil set my hand this fifteenth day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty two Peter Kuck - Signed and declared by the said testator Peter Kuck as and for a codicil to his last will and testament in the presence of us both present at the same time who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have hereunto set our hands as witnesses thereto Wm Horsley Geo V Flutt.

Proved at London with two codicils the 27th May 1853 before the worshipful Jesse Addams Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oath of Peter Tilley the sole executor to whom admon was granted having been first sworn _ to administrator.

[TNA PROB 11/2172 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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KUCK, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/2189, 1854
This is the last Will and Testament of me John KŸck of No.2 Rodney Terrace East, Mile End Road in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman. [Sugar Refiner]
* All debts and expenses to be paid out of his personal estate as soon as possible after his decease.
* He appoints his friend Benjamin Neale Dalton of Park Road Stockwell, his nephew Samuel Tamatoa Williams of Pauls Terrace, Balls Pond, and his wife Elizabeth KŸck as his executors and trustees.
* To his wife Elizabeth Kuck all his books, wearing apparel, linen, glass, china, wines and liquors, and her jewels and trinkets for her own disposal.
* All his other household furniture, plate, pictures to his wife Elizabeth KŸck for her life, but asks that an inventory is taken and signed so that on her death these items can then go to his daughter Elizabeth wife of Benjamin Clark Mummery for her own disposal.
* He gives legacies ....
- to William Aaron Barff Williams nephew £100.
- to Lur Garms nephew £100.
- to each executor £150 for their trouble.
- to the Minister and Churchwardens of the German Lutheran Church in the Savoy London £100.
* His trustees shall, during the life of William Ford, continue to pay the annual premium of £47 to Policy No.9871 with the Norwich Life Insurance Society, strictly in order to secure payment of £800 on the death of William Ford.
* He gives all leasehold messuages/tenements in Fredericks Place, Mile End, and all his monies, securities, shares, debts and income at time of decease, and the income from an insurance policy, etc to the executors for them to take full control of , and to deal with as they think fit. Shares were in East & West India Docks, East London Waterworks, West Middlesex Waterworks. They shall invest or continue to invest all monies etc as they think fit, but the named shares not to be sold until after the death of his wife.
* The trustees shall pay to his wife Elizabeth Kuck the annual sum of £250 free of property tax and all other deductions by half yearly instalments, and pay the residue of any dividends interest etc to Elizabeth Mummery, and after the death of his wife to pay all dividends interest etc to Elizabeth Mummery, and then to any child or children she may have in due course. If no child or children, then to go to the children of his two sisters Triene Garms widow now residing at Rockstedt in Germany and Gretje Mohrman deceased.
* He revokes all previous wills.
Signed : John Kuck on 29 Nov 1849.
Witnesses : John Vaisey of Grays Inn and J Savile Vaisey of 27 Southampton Row.

Proved on 13 April 1854 by oaths of Samuel Tamatoa Williams and Elizabeth Kuck.

[ Additional information from Keith Hazell ... "John Kuck married Elizabeth Williams the sister of John Williams the famous missionary and martyr who discovered the island of Rarotonga, christianised most of the South Pacific, and was eventually killed and eaten by cannibals on the island of Erromanga in the South Hebrides, known today as Vanuatu. John Williams was born at Tottenham on 29 June 1796 and killed on 20 November 1839. Of the ten children born to John and his wife Mary Chawner, only three survived the rigours of life among the natives of the South Seas. These were as follows:
John Chawner Williams born 7 January 1818 in Tahiti, Society Islands (eventually British & US Consul in Samoa).
Samuel Tamatoa Williams born 20 November 1826 at sea off Raiatea, Society Islands (eventually a Baptist Minister). Samuel was given the name of Tamatoa, who was a native chieftain much respected by John Williams.
William Aaron Barff Williams born 5 February 1833 at Rarotonga, Cook Islands (eventually a Wholesale Stationer). William Aaron was named Barff after another missionary who was a friend and colleague of John Williams." ]

[TNA PROB 11/2189 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LABORDE, Peter - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/966, 1771
In the Name of God Amen. I Peter Laborde of Narrow Street Limehouse Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Jane all his household goods and furniture wearing apparel notes bonds and book debts all the sugars contained in the sugarhouse with all the utensils at the time of his decease. His will is that the business be carried on in his wife's name for the benefit of the whole family living with her and being maintained by her.
* His son Samuel Laborde to be employed to carry on the business as long as his mother pleases and he behaves well to her and no longer, and in his reward shall receive one third part of each and every year's transactions after the expenses of trade and just debts have been deducted.
* If his female children marry his executors to take out such money for their share as trade will permit.
* If his wife Jane shall marry again she shall only be entitled to her share of the effects as if she were a female child. She may go on in the business if she pleased with the children share and share alike providing son Samuel is allowed his said one thid part of the annual profits whilst he continues running the business.
* When his wife Jane dies all her effects to become the property of his female children equally deducting any sums they may have received if they married.
* He appoints his wife Jane Laborde and Mr Francis Blackbeard to be joint executors.
Signed: Peter Laborde 28 November 1770.
Witnesses: John Rose of Limehouse peruke maker, Contestt Whiffing of Stepney brewer.

Proved at London 10 April 1771 by the oath of Jane Laborde widow and relict and one of the executors to whom admon was granted, with power reserved to Francis Blackbeard the other executor.

[TNA PROB 11/966 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LANCKENAU, Johann Friedrich - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1657, 1822
This is the last will and testament of me Johann Friedrich Lanckenau of Bristol, Sugarboiler...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his nephew Claus Lanckenau, of Messrs Craven & Company, Sugar Refiners of London, £100.
* To his brother Diedrich Lanckenau, sugar refiner of New York £300; and in the case of he having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst his children.
* To the widow of his late brother Herman J [Harm Jurgen ?] Lanckenau being his second wife, and their daughter, £60 each.
* To John Lanckenau son of said brother and widow, now being in London £100.
* To his sister Hemke Margarethe Thal, wife of John Thal, £300; and in the case of she having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst her children.
* To his mother-in-law? Ann Lanckenau £100; in the case of her having died, then the sum to her daughter Triene Stoffer, wife of Stoffer, and in case of her death, to her children.
* To his nephew Henry Mangels of London, son of his deceased sister Triene Adelheit Mangels of Amts Schoenebeck near Bremen in Germany, £100.
* To each of the children of his deceased sister Triene Adelheit Mangels, except Henry, £60.
* To John Henry Bohmer, accountant of Bristol, £100.
* To Maria Dollman, spinster of Bristol, £10.
* To Ann Mary Barkler £50, and her daughter Sarah Barkler £30.
* To Mrs Margaret Thomas, widow of Lower Maudlin Lane, Bristol, £20.
* To the following, £10 each for mourning : John Henry Stockfish, sugar refiner of Bristol, his wife and all their children; George Lilkendey sugar refiner of London and his wife; John Stephens of Stokes Croft, baker, and his wife, and his mother-in-law Mrs Bohmer; Frederick Charles Husenbath, provisions merchant of Bristol; John Evans, John Haicat, Teddy Fedden, and Richard Gillham, labourers at Messrs Ames, Clayfields & Wrights, Sugar Refiners of Bristol.
* To his nephew Diederich Lanckenau, sugarboiler at Messrs Ames, Clayfields & Wrights, £600; and in the case of he having died, then the sum to be divided equally amongst his children.
* Appoints Diederich Lanckenau, Matthew Wright sugar refiner of Bristol, John Henry Stockfish, and Fredrick Charles Husenbath as his executors.
Signed : Johann Friedrich Lanckenau on 7 June 1819.
Witnesses : George Bengough, solicitor, and Alfred Whitaker, clerk.

.... Now translated from the German .... [a codicil]
The undersigned Johan Friederich Lanckenau now residing at Erve declares that after his decease ...
* To his brother’s daughter or Dierck Pfennekohl’s daughter-in-law Adelheit Margrete Lanckenau of Erfe 12,000 dollars as well as whatever is owing to him from people at Erve. And also the pew in the Choir of Lesum Church.
* The provisions already made for the rest of the family stand as written.
Signed : Johann Lanckenau on 23 April 1820.
Translated by Frederick Pfeiffer, notary public, London, 14 February 1821.

Proved at London with a codicil on 13 May 1822 by the oath of Frederick Charles Husenbath.

[TNA PROB 11/1657 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEAR, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1633, 1820
I George Lear of Leytonstone in the parish of Leyton, Essex ...
* All his debts to be paid and his legacies discharged as soon as possible.
* He owes £1300 to Miss Susannah Dyson of Cambridge Heath Hackney, money she asked him to retain for her when he purchased 22 acres of land from her to add to his farm at Sewardstone. Having since sold 17 acres of his land to the Board of Ordnance for £3500 and invested the money in 3% consols in the names of his daughters trustees, he feels it right that Miss Dyson should be paid £2350. 0s. 2d.
* To his wife Mary Lear the use profit and benefit from his estate in Leytonstone during her life, also all the household furniture with horses carriage and cows and all appurtenances and £800 a year paid quarterly from the interest of his capital and the profits from his business in Brewhouse Lane Wapping under the firm of Lear, Handasyde & Hughes sugar refiners.
* To his good friend John Roberts of Ely Place £200 for the many essential services rendered during the great losses in trade since the year 1810-11.
* To his nephew William Pigburn Lear £50 a year during his life, and in consideration that he has brought him up from his infancy, maintained educated and provided for him a handsome competency, he will at his decease bequeath to Mrs Mary Ann Curtis (daughter of GL) the amount of the note of which he may be possessed at the time of his (GL's) death.
* To his [business] partners William Sharpe Handasyde and Henry Hughes £50 each.
* All the rest and residue of his estates and effects in lands houses money etc to his son-in-law William Curtis and Mary Ann Curtis his wife with benefit of survivorship and the children of her body.
* Appoints William Curtis and Mary Ann Curtis jointly as executors, and instructs that any disputes regarding his will shall be sorted out without resorting to the Court of Chancery.
Signed : George Lear 21 February 1816.

Appeared personally : Timothy Abraham Curtis of Broad Street London merchant and William Henry Cobden of Fenchurch Street London broker made oath that they where well acquainted with George Lear and that this was his handwriting. 16 August 1820.

Proved at London 18 August 1820 by the oath of William Curtis one of the executors to whom admon was granted with power being reserved to the other executor.

[TNA PROB 11/1633 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEAR, Henry - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1060, 1780
This is the last will and testament of me Henry Lear of Joiners Hall Buildings Thames Street London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his sister Catherine Remstadt of Sheple in the Province of Luneburg Germany £5 for mourning.
* To his wife Christina Lear all his plate linen and household furniture along with a half part of all other of his personal property estate and effects for her own personal use.
* The other half part of all other of his personal property estate and effects to his wife Christina Lear in trust, to be changed into money and invested in Government stocks, the interest to be used for the maintenance education and support of his only son Henry Frederick Lear until he reaches age of 21 years at which time all the monies investments and effects shall be passed on to him. In the event of him not surviving to 21 years, then all the monies investments and effects shall pass into the rest and residue of the estate.
* All the rest and residue of his estate of any kind to his wife Christina Lear. If she remarries she must make over to a responsible person the responsibility for her son's investments. If she does not remarry, her son on reaching 21 years must pay his mother an annuity of £20 over and above other benefits laid out above.
* Appoints his wife Christina Lear as his executrix of his will and guardian and trustee of his son during his minority.
Signed : Henry Lear 21 January 1780.
Witnesses : Mary Lear of Hoxton, Samuel Best of Castle Court Fullwoods Rents Grays Inn, N Matthew of College Hill.

Proved at London 24 January 1780 by the oath of Christina Lear widow and relict of the deceased to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1060 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEAR, Margaret - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1254, 1795
In the Name of God Amen. Margaret Lear of Hoxton in the parish of St Leonard Shoreditch ...
* To her daughter Mary Lear £5.
* To her son John Lear £5.
* To her grandsons Thomas & Charles Chermear? £5 each.
* To her son Henry Lear my watch.
* Requests that after her death her sugarhouse and dwelling house in Wentworth Street Whitechapel be sold and the money raised be divided as follows ...
* ... one half part to her daughter Catherine Lear ...
* ... the other half part be divided equally amongst her daughter Sarah Chermear? , her sons Henry Lear and Jeremiah Lear.
* All her wearing apparel and household furniture and all the rest and residue of her estate to her daughter Catherine Lear.
* Appoints her daughter Catherine Lear as her sole executrix.
Signed : Margret Lear 24 April 1779?.
Witnesses : William Wilson, +.

The sig above is erased so ...
Appeared personally ... Catherine Lear of Pentonville and Jeremiah Lear of the same place made oath that this was their mother's handwriting and their mother's true will. 5 January 1795.

Proved at London 27 January 1795 by the oath of Catherine Lear to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1254 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LECKE, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1574, 1815
This is the Last Will and Testament of me George Lecke formerly of Silver Street St Georges in the East Sugar Refiner but now in Hersham, Walton on Thames gentleman ...
* All his debts and funeral expenses to be paid out of the residue of his personal estate.
* To his servant Mary Taylor £100 and all his household goods furniture plate linen china wearing apparel wine and other liquers watches pictures and books for her own use providing she is living with him at the time of his death.
* To his nephew William Franke of Hesse Cassel £500.
* To the children of his late brother Conrad Lecke formerly of Hesse Cassel in equal shares. If any have died in the meantime their share equally to their surviving children, but if there are no children the said share equally to their brothers and sisters.
* To his nephew Harry Lecke son of his brother Christopher Lecke £500.
* To the other nephews and nieces the children of his brother Christpher Lecke £1000 to be shared equally.
* To Herman Harbusch of Leman Street his former copartner in trade £1000 for his own benefit.
* To his Godson William Tetmow(?) son of Joseph Tetmow(?) of Ratcliff Highway £300, and in case he has not yet reached the age of 21 years the sum may be paid to his guardian.
* To his nephew George Schroeder cooper son of his sister Elizabeth Schroeder of Hesse Cassel £100 in addition to any sum already advanced to him.
* To the Chapel of the Savoy of which he is a member £100.
* All the rest and residue of his estate and effects to his sister Elizabeth Schroeder of Hesse Cassel.
* Appoints his nephew George Schroeder and Herman Harbusch as joint executors.
Signed: George Lecke 7 August 1815.
Witnesses: Wm Holland 25 Gt James St, Johann Georg Gross of Hersham Surrey.

Proved at London 22 November 1815 by the oaths of Herman Harbusch and George Schroder the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1574 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEE, Joseph - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1220, 1792
In the Name of God Amen. I Joseph Lee of Labour in Vain Hill London Sugar Refiner ...
* To his wife Esther Lee £300 and all his household furniture plate linen china horse and chaise liquers and books.
* To his father John Lee £200.
* To his brother John Lee £200 secured by a note of hand from his said brother which he gives up to be cancelled along with any interest he may have in it. Also to his said brother his 4 shares in the Phoenix Fire Office for his own use and benefit. Also £300 along with all his rights and interest in the last will and testament of William Wills late of West Ham.
* All the rest and residue of his estate to his executors upon trust so that all his just debts and funeral expenses can be paid, the rest to be invested the dividends and interest to his wife Esther Lee for her natural life and after her death the full amount of the investments to his brother John Lee.
* Appoints his wife Esther Lee and his worthy friends William Bullock of Barking and Francis Martin of the Bank of England as his executors.
Signed: Joseph Lee 25 April 1792.
Witness: HR Peoly Grays Inn London.

5 June 1792 Charles Elliott of Labour in Vain Hill London appeared personally to swear that the said will was indeed in the hand and manner of Joseph Lee.

Proved at London 14 June 1792 by the oaths of Esther Lee widow and relict, William Bullock and Francis Martin the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1220 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEWIS, Thomas - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/866, 1761
I Thomas Lewis of London Sugar Refiner ...
* All his estates in Surrey which he purchased from Sir George Waiter and also his estate in Bridgewater Square Princes Street and Charles Street there adjoining purchased by his father Edward Lewis [sugar refiner] deceased from Sir Christopher Wrenn and left to him by his father after the death of his mother Esther Lewis to his wife Mary Lewis for her natural life, and after her marriage to another or her death whichever the sooner to his daughter Mary Lewis and her heirs. If she dies without surviving children then to his nephew Thomas Lewis junior and his heirs for ever.
* His leasehold estate in Hendon purchased from Thomas Beech which he holds from the Dean and Chapter of Westminster subject to his wife's marriage settlement to Thomas Martin his copartner in trade in trust for his daughter Mary Lewis at age 21 years but if she has died then to his nephew Thomas Lewis junior.
* All his farm called Cowhouse Farm he purchased from Sarah Braint held from the Dean and Chapter of Westminster to his wife Mary Lewis for her natural life, and after her marriage to another or her death whichever the sooner to his daughter Mary Lewis at age 21 years but if she has died then to Thomas Martin in trust.
* The copyhold land he purchased from Joseph Braint shall be given to the same person as Cowhouse Farm.
* To his daughter Mary Lewis at age 21 years or when she marries by her mother's or guardian's consent £6000 over and above the £1000 left to her by her uncle Edward Lewis deceased which he has invested at 3% interest.
* He entrustes the custody tuition and guardianship of his daughter Mary Lewis to his wife Mary Lewis during her life, but if she shall die or remarry then same to his brother Percival Lewis until she reaches 21 years of age, and if he dies to Thomas Martin his partner on trade and his sister in law Mrs Clare Lambert.
* To his brother Percival Lewis one moety of a house in Breadsteet Hill given to them by their brother Edward Lewis.
* To his brother Percival Lewis and his wife £500 each.
* To his nephew Thomas Lewis junior £500.
* To his nephew Edward Chapman £200.
* To his Goddaughter Ann Kersteman daughter of his wife's sister of the same name £100.
* To his sister in law Mrs Clare Lambert £500.
* To his nephew Edward Lewis £500.
* To his friend Joshua Locke £100.
* To his friend John Heaton £100.
* To his friend Dr Henry Pemberton £100.
* To his friend Richard Glover £100.
* To his clerk Thomas Strudwick £50.
* To each of his family servants living with him at the time of his death one years wages on top of what he may owe them at the time.
* To his wife Mary Lewis £100 for her to give to the poor people of Wimbledon or elsewhere.
* To Thomas Martin £2000 above the £2000 he has given him in other articles of partnership signed 18 December 1759.
* To his wife Mary Lewis £1000 to assist her in renewing the leases on Hodford Farm and Cowhouse Farm from time to time.
* To his wife Mary Lewis the use of all his jewels watch and equipage during her life and after her death to his daughter Mary Lewis.
* To his wife Mary Lewis all his household goods his coach chaise and coach horses.
* Appoints his wife Mary Lewis and the aforesaid Thomas Martin and nephew Thomas Lewis as his executors.
* Regarding all the rest and residue of his estate, one moety to his wife Mary Lewis one moety equally between Thomas Martin and nephew Thomas Lewis.
Signed: Thomas Lewis 9 May 1760.
Witnesses: Robert Burchall, Ja.Venables, William Halliwell.

Proved at London 9 June 1761 by the oaths Mary Lewis widow and relict Thomas Martin and Thomas Lewis the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/866 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LEYENDECKER, Jacob - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/931, 1767
In the Name of God Amen. I Jacob Leyendecker of St Olave Southwark Sugar Baker ...
* All just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his wife Mary Leyendecker his best bed and bedstead chest of drawers and other useful and necessary furniture for one room.
* All the rest and remainder of his goods and chattels whatsoever to his executors in trust to sell or dispose of and the monies arising from the sale to be invested in public funds or securities with the dividends and interest from £300 to his wife Mary Leyendecker for her natural life along with the same dividends and interest from £200 to the mainenance and education of Mary Jones daughter of his late servant Martha Jones until she reach 21 years of age or marry at which time she is to receive £100.
* The rest of the investment in trust for the benefit of his two children Sarah Leyendecker and Henry Leyendecker until they shall reach 21years of age or marry at which time they are to be given their respective proportions of the said investments. If one shall have died in the meantime their share to the survivor, if both shall have died their shares to his wife Mary Leyendecker.
* If each of his said legatees die then the rest and residue of his investments to his nearest relations and next of kin as shall be living.
* Appoints William Allen of St Mary Newington Butts stable keeper and Michael Thackthwaite of Marybone Street cabinet maker as his executors.
Signed: Jacob Leyendecker 2 May 1767.
Witnesses: Thomas Walker, Thomas Clark.

Proved at London 14 August 1767 by the oaths of William Allen and Michael Thackthwaite the executors to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/931 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LILKENDEY, George - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1668, 1823
This is the last will and testament of me George Lilkendey of Great Prescott Street in the County of Middlesex Sugar Refiner.
* All funeral expenses to be paid.
* To the German Church Trinity Lane in the City of London £500 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To his nephew Otto Lilkendey of DŸring, Hanover £8000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.#
* To his nephew Otto Sassen of DŸring, John Henry Nicholas Batger of Holte, Henry Batger of Driftsethe, Diedrich Ahrens of Driftsethe, Margaret Batger wife of Henry above, and Maria Fricken of Holte £4000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks to be shared equally amongst them.#
* To each of the three children of Carsten Ahrens deceased late of Buttell £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Mrs Ann Lilkendey widow of Commercial Road £300 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To John Ludewick Martin son of Elizabeth Martin of Houndsditch £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To George Vooght of West Ham, Essex son of Wm Vooght dec’d, £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Joseph Eardley son of Joseph Eardley of Beer Lane, City of London, £50; also to Elizabeth Eardley daughter of Joseph Eardley £50; also the remainder of the children of Joseph Eardley £200 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks to be divided equally amongst them.
* To Fanny Bauck of Islington spinster £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Charlotte Witte of Welclose Square spinster £50.
* To Elizabeth Martin wife of [James] Martin of Houndsditch £50.
* To John Stevens of High Street Bloomsbury £500 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Mary Harrison daughter of George Harrison sugar refiner of Great Garden Street £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Thomas Harrison of Spalton £50.
* To Miss Bethune of Peckham £50.
* To Mary Coombs his old servant of Botley, Oxford, £20.
* To London Hospital £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To the School, Ayliff Street, Whitechapel £20.
* To Loxstedt Church in DŸring £300 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To the Boys and Girls School in DŸring £5 per year being £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Henry Lilkendey, boiler with his firm Lilkendey & Harrison £10 per year being £200 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Christian Dettmar sugar refiner of Welclose Square £10.
* To Mary Harrison daughter of his late partner Thomas Harrison £50.
* To William Harrison his late partner £10 for mourning.
* To his Executors £4000 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks upon trust to pay the interest dividends etc to his wife Ann Lilkendey for her natural life, and after her death to be divided equally amongst those at # above.
* To Carsten Holthouse of Edmonton £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* To Richard Barrett of Stepney Causeway £100 at five percent Navy Bank Annuities Stocks.
* All residue of estate and effects to his wife Ann Lilkendey.
* Appoints his wife Ann Lilkendey, Carsten Holthouse, and Richard Barrett as his Executors.
Signed 14 August 1820 George Lilkendey.
Witnessed by Elizabeth Johnson of Gt Prescott St, and Elizabeth Spink.

Codicil ...
* To Rev Mr Bornträger Minister of Hamburg Church Trinity Lane City of London £50.
* To his servants living with him at his decease £10 each for mourning.
Witnessed as above.

Proved at London 24 March 1823 by the oaths of Ann Lilkendey widow, Carsten Holthouse, and Richard Barrett to whom admon was granted.

[TNA PROB 11/1668 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LIST, John - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1650, 1821
I John List of Little Alie Street Goodmans Field Mdx Sugar Refiner ...
* His trade or business as sugar refiner to be carried on for 7 years after his death by his eldest son John List with the assistance of the executors of this will and the capital invested in the business to remain and that out of the profits of the said business his three younger children Alfred, Frederick and Herbert List be maintained and educated.
* From the same profits of the business his wife Maria List be paid £200 per year paid quarterly for her sole use during her natural life as long as she remains his widow.
* The profits of the business to be shared equally amongst his four sons with his eldest son John List receiving an extra £100 per year as manager.
* His two daughters Susanna Waller and Elizabeth Maria Ford each to receive £400 from the capital of the busines being paid half after the first year and half after the second year from his death. The legacy for Elizabeth Maria Ford to be invested in public funds by his executors with the interest and dividends paid to her regularly for her sole use and after her death the principal of her investment to be transferred to her children and divided in equal shares once they reach 21 years of age.
* After the term of seven years, or earlier if circumstances dictate that the business does not carry on, all the stock in trade and effects be sold and disposed of with £200 being invested to provide an annuity for his wife Maria List for her natural life and widowhood. The rest and residue of the monies divided equally amongst his four sons aforementioned subject to them reaching 21 years of age.
* To his wife Maria List all his household furniture plate linen and china for her own use with the rest and residue of his personal effects equally to his four sons.
* Appoints his son John List, Thomas Wilkes Monds of Commercial Road sugar broker and William Wells Plaxton of Rupert Street sugar refiner as his executors.
Signed: John List 11 March 1821.
Witnesses: Isaac Sheffield Prescott Street, Philipp Jacob Rilling.

Proved at London 21 November 1821 by the oath of John List the son and one of the executors to whom admon was granted, with power reserved to Thomas Wilkes Monds and William Wells Plaxton the other executors.

[TNA PROB 11/1650 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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LUDEKEN, Christopher - Will - summary of PRO PROB 11/1222, 1792.
In the Name of God Amen, I Christopher Ludeken of Ratcliff Highway Sugar Refiner ...
* All his just debts and funeral expenses to be paid.
* To his nephew Jost Oyler Ludeken of __ in __ Hanover £200 and all his wearing apparel for his own use. In case he has died, the same to his child or children.
* To his nephew John Henry Ludeken of __ aforesaid £20.
* To Christopher Meckelcan and Henry Meckelcan sons of Nicholas Meckelcan of Spitalfields silk draper £20 each.
* To Elizabeth Sanders daughter of James Sanders of Spitalfields carpenter £20.
* To his wife Elizabeth Ludeken for her natural life an annuity of £70 charged upon his leasehold dwelling house and sugarhouse now in his occupation and also the dwelling house adjoining and situate in Ratcliff Highway to be paid quarterly without deductions.
* To his son-in-law Thomas Armitage all his leasehold messuages and sugarhouse and premises in Ratcliff Highway with fixtures and utensils for the remainder of the lease with the payment of the aforesaid annuity.
* All the rest and residue of his estate whatsoever both real and personal to his wife Elizabeth Ludeken and to his son-in-law Thomas Armitage equally.
* Appoints his wife Elizabeth Ludeken, his son-in-law Thomas Armitage and Court Henry Dirs of Pennington St sugar refiner (to whom he gives £10 for mourning) as his executors.
Signed: Christopher Ludeken. 26 August 1791.
Witnesses: Major Wright Wellclose Sq, Richard Willey.

Proved at London 23 August 1792 by the oaths of Thomas Armitage and Court Henry Dirs two of the executors to whom admon was granted. Power reserved by Elizabeth Ludeken.

[TNA PROB 11/1222 - copy of full original available at TNA Wills.]

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