Maps & cartography references

This document is a collection of references to mapping and cartographers, intended to be of use to those engaged in Rights of Way research in the UK.  I'm ignoring early stuff like Speed and Norden since its rarely of practical use.  First section below concentrates on commercial publications of the 18th/19th/20th centuries, second on the Ordnance Survey .

I claim no originality for this stuff ; after all that’s not what is needed.  Rather I’ve tried to collect academic quotes that can be used to add reputation and weight to evidence e.g. an old road being found on Blogg’s county map of 1830 etc.  Naturally it's biased to what I've found useful or interesting.

If anyone can add more useful things – please let me know at email

Updated 6/6/2002 RK

Sources / text books

"Antique Maps"            by C.Moreland & D.Bannister
                                    published 1983   Longman
                                    ISBN 071482954
"English Maps - a History"     by C.Delano-Smith & R.J.P.Kain
                                    published 1999   British Library
                                    ISBN 0-7123-4609-0
"British Maps & Map-makers"    by Edward Lynam
                                    published 1944    Wm. Collins, London
                                     as part of "Britain in Pictures" series
"County Maps & Histories - Berkshire"    by V.G.Scott & E.McLaughlin
                                    published 1984    Quiller Press, London
                                    ISBN 0 907621 33 3
"What is a Cross Road?"        by Susan Taylor
                                    published 1997    South Pennine Packhorse Trails Trust
                                    ISBN 0 9530573 0 5

Any more specific references are noted at the entry.
In some cases I have only seen reference to maps available etc.

Other info
These are ideas with no academic back-up, but they can be useful lines of thought to present with other evidence.

Food for thought from Dave Tilbury’s website :
Early commercial (road) maps were produced to guide those who travelled (for reasons of commerce or pleasure), so to what purpose would a private way be shown?

Cartographers – in alphabetic order

A      B      C      D      E      F      G      H      I    J      K      L      M      N      O      P      Q    R      S      T      U    V    W    X    Y      Z

Peter ANDREWS aka Pierre Andre 
J.Rocque's later maps were engraved by Andrews; "Surrey" was completed by P.Andrews and published 1765 after Rocques death.

John ANDREWS fl. 1766-1809
Entry from “Antique maps”
    1766-73  Large-scale maps of Hertfordshire, Wiltshire and Kent
    c.1772  A Collection of Plans of the Capital Cities of every Empire
    1776  A map of the country 65 miles round London
    1786  England and Wales
    c.1792  Plans of the Principal Cities of the World
    1797  Maps in Historical Atlas of England
    1742  Chorographia Brittania  (another Ogilby style road book perhaps?)
    1810  Wiltshire (with Andrew Dury )

   1835  Berkshire
   1858  Wiltshire

Publisher of various maps 1890s onwards.
   1895  Commercial Library Atlas of the British Isles
Later became  W.&A.K.JOHNSTON & G.W.BACON Ltd

    1822  West Riding of York

Publisher of various maps, commonly with street name index.

Publisher of various road maps 1890s to date

"Bartholomew and the Half-Inch Layer Coloured Map 1883–1903."
Paper by Tim Nicholson,  appearing in The Cartographic Journal (organ of the British Cartographic Society) Vol. 37 No. 2  December 2000
In their pre-war heyday Bartholomew, that most famous of British commercial mapmakers, had a huge worldwide business in every sort and scale of map and atlas for every purpose; not to mention, at one time, an extensive general printing trade. But, even so, their name became firmly associated in the public consciousness with one particular design of map on one particular scale – the half-inch to one mile (1:126720) layer coloured map of Great Britain. This study deals with the early history of the phenomenon, in the context the firm's other work. It concludes with the completion of the England and Wales series, and the moment when it could be said, in the most elevated and objective of contexts, that the British map buyer – trade and public both – had, thanks to this map, acquired `the Bartholomew habit’.

"Bartholomew's half-inch maps"
paper by Bill Riley, appearing in Byway & Bridleway 9organ of the Byway & Bridleway trust) issue 9/1993

The maps proved popular with the public from the start and sold by the million, due in no small part to their accurate road classification and the use of layer colouring to depict contours.  In terms of map sales to the public, the firm was in competition with the Ordnance Survey, from whose maps Bartholomew's were reduced.  An unpublished Ordnance Survey report  of 1914 acknowledged that "the road classification on the ordnance small-scale maps  was inferior to that of the Bartholomew half-inch map for the use of motorists"; and a map-seller observed that the Ordnance Survey map "is not anything like so popular with the motorist, cyclist and the ordinary tourist as the Bartholomew" [footnote - Seymour W.A: A History of the Ordnance Survey (1980: Dawson) pp226-7]
According to Bartholomew, the Cyclist Touring Club revision arrangement began c.1910.  There is some evidence to suggest it may have been earlier, but date codes were absent before 1911.  The CTC logo was printed in the bottom margin om maps revised by the club, and Bartholomew say the arrangement lasted until c.1928 - although the CTC logo is missing from two 1927 editions in the collection.  However, the back cover of a 1944 sheet refers to CTC 'co-operation'.  A former CTC Map Revision Officer states that Bartholomew was provided with road information on a voluntary basis until about 1989.
The prurpose of  Bartholomew's half-inch maps was clearly explained on the maps themselves.  From the start they were earmarked 'for Tourists & Cyclists', and the roads were classified for 'Driving and Cycling purposes' (by 1919 'Driving' became 'Motoring') .  Cyclists were confined to public carriage roads until 1968.  The small scale permitted only the most important footpaths and bridleways to be shown.  Clearly, the raison d'etre of the maps was to guide travellers along public highways most suited to their mode of travel.  It was not to encourage trespass.
Bartholomew had its own information service and prided itself on producing the most up to date maps available: clearly the firm would not knowingly publish misleading information.  If the odd error crept in, it was unlikely to survive the next revision.  One or two years seemed to be the usual gap between updated printings.  The classification of minor roads was constantly revised as some were improved to cope with burgeoning motor traffic, and others were virtually abandoned and fell into disrepair.

lifted from Dave Tilbury’s website :
  Notes on Bartholomew's maps: In general the maps have three classes of secondary roads and three classes of indifferent roads. "The uncoloured roads are inferior and not to be recommended to cyclists". Cycles are, of course, vehicles and until 1968 were not permitted to use bridleways. Footpath & Bridleway are shown separately. This maker had a good reputation and was preferred by the motorist to O/S (O/S report of 1914). The maker did not set out to encourage trespass by the user, in fact there was an agreement between Bartholomew's and the Cyclists Touring Club to up-date the information.

a quote from Countryside Agency  endorsed "PROW Good Practice Guide" appendix 4.11
(RoW Review Committee practical guidance notes)
 Road Maps, Atlases and Guides
3.25.1 Road maps made for sale to the public normally use some convention to differentiate roads that are recommended for use from those that are not, either because they are unsuitable for modern traffic or are private roads not open to the public. Even if the map offers no warranty that recommended roads are public, it is evidence that the map-maker thought that the public would meet no opposition.
Bartholomew’s maps in particular had a high reputation in the early 20th century (Riley, Byway and Bridleway, 1993).

James BELL -  see Fullarton

Emanuel BOWEN ft. 1714-67
Thomas BOWEN ft. 1767-90
Entry from “Antique maps”
  Emanuel Bowen, map and print seller, was engraver to George II and to Louis XV of France and worked in London from about 1714 onwards producing some of the best and most attractive maps of the century. He had plans for completing a major County Atlas but, finding the task beyond his means, joined with Thomas Kitchin to publish The Large English Atlas. Many of the maps were issued individually from 1749 onwards and the whole atlas was not finally completed until 1760. With one or two exceptions they were the largest maps of the counties to appear up to that time (690 x 510mm) and are unusual in that the blank areas round each map are filled with historical and topographical detail which makes fascinating and amusing reading. The atlas was re-issued later in reduced size. Apart from his county maps and atlases of different parts of the world he also issued (with John Owen fl. 1720) a book of road maps based, as was usual at that time, on Ogilby but again incorporating his own style of historical and heraldic detail.  In spite of his royal appointments and apparent prosperity he died in poverty and his son, who carried on the business, was no more fortunate and died in a Clerkenwell workhouse in 1790.
     c.1714 Maps of the Continents
     1720 (with John Owen) Britannia Depicta or Ogilby Improved
         Numerous editions to c. 1764 in varying sizes
     1744-47 A Complete System of Geography
     1744-48 Maps for Complete Collection of Voyages (Harris)
     1751 Complete Atlas or Distinct View of the Known World
     1755-60 (with Thomas Kitchin) The Large English Atlas (average size 690 x 510 mm)
     1763, 1767, 1777, 1785, 1787  Further editions and enlargements
     1758 (with John Gibson) Atlas Minimus (24mo) 1774 Re-issued
     1762 (with Thomas Kitchin) The Royal English Atlas (average size 215 x 315 mm)
     1778, 1780  Re-issued
     1794-1828  Re-issued as The English Atlas
     c. 1763 (with Benjamin Martin fl. 1759-63) The Natural History of England
     1766 Universal History of the World
     1767 (with Thomas Bowen) Atlas Anglicanus (average size 225 x 320 mm)
     1777 Re-issued
     c.1777 (Thomas Bowen) The World showing the Discoveries of Capt. Cook and other
     c.1784 (Thomas Bowen) Maps in Rapin's History of England

   1823  Oxfordshire

John CARY c. 1754-1835
Entry from “Antique maps”
  Many writers regard John Cary as one of the finest of English cartographers. His maps, of course, are not decorative in the seventeenth-century sense but he came on the scene at a time when the large-scale county maps had recently become available, roads were being used as never before and accurate geographical information from distant countries was being received in greater and greater detail. His fine craftsmanship and ability as an engraver enabled him to make the fullest use of these sources and from them he produced a wide range of maps of great accuracy and clarity. His work covered not only county maps but world atlases, road maps, town and canal plans, sea charts and terrestrial and celestial globes. His business was eventually taken over by G. F. Cruchley (1822-75) who continued to use Cary's engravings throughout his life and it is believed that some plates were still in use in the present century. In this work we can give only a summary of his more important publications.
     1786 Actual Survey of the country fifteen miles round London (8vo)
     1787 New and Correct English Atlas (quarto) 1793-1881 Numerous re-issues
     1789 Camden's Britannia 1806 Re-issued
     1790 Cary's Travellers' Companion (octavo) 1791-1828 Numerous re-issues
             (miniature version of the New & Correct)
The maps in this work, prepared at the request of the Postmaster General, were based on a completely new survey of the turnpike roads of England and Wales, carried out by John Cary from 1780 onwards with the assistance of Aaron Arrowsmith. The Traveller's Companion
became immensely popular and had a considerable influence on the formative work of the Ordnance Survey Office, which was established in 1791.
     1794 New Maps of England and Wales with part of Scotland (quarto)
     1798-1828 Cary's New Itinerary 11 Re-issues
     1805 (with J. Stockdale) New British Atlas
     1808 Cary's New Universal Atlas
     1809 Cary's New English Atlas 1811, 1818, 1828, 1834 Re-issued
     1813 New Elementari Atlas

Extracts from "English Maps - a History"
  John Cary's [New&Correct] atlas was ... a model of visual economy, cartographical accuracy
and high quality engraving.
As surveyor of roads to the Post Office, Cary must have travelled many of the 9,000 miles of roads in his [1798] 'Itinerary'

Entry from “British Maps & Map-makers”
  In 1787 John Cary, an enterprising publisher, began to issue small county atlases, which were cheap and showed the roads at a glance.  Cary was engaged in 1794 by the Postmaster General to survey the main roads of the kingdom, covering some nine thousand miles.

Extract from Cary's own intro to "New maps" 1794
  On which are carefully laid down All the Direct and Principal Cross Roads, the Course of Rivers and Navigable Canals, Cities, Market and Borough Towns, Parishes, and most considerable Hamlets, Parks, Forests, etc. Delineated from Actual Surveys and materially Assisted From Authentic Documents Liberally supplied by the Right Honourable the Post Master's General.

Extract from "County Maps & Histories - Berkshire"
  John Cary began work as an engraver but set up in London as a map publisher and, in 1790, as a surveyor.  His business thrived and he almost cornered the market in maps of roads, canals and the new science of geology.  The fine quality of his work was recognised by the Royal Society who awarded him a Gold Medal in 1804.

CREIGHTON - see Lewis

William DARTON
   1822 A Complete Atlas of the English Counties (includes Maps by e.g. Dix)

Richard DAVIS
   1793  Oxfordshire

Thomas DIX
   1816 Wiltshire

Benjamin DONN
Entry from “British Maps & Map-makers”
  In 1759 the newly-formed Society of Arts offered an annual reward for an accurate survey of any English county on a scale of 1" to 1 mile. The first map to win this was Devonshire (1765) by Benjamin Donn, a teacher of mathematics at Bideford. It was a plainer map than any before it, but more scientific, and covered twelve sheets.  Inset were large and valuable plans of Exeter and Plymouth.

Tidbits I have picked up
The Dugdale county maps were produced between 1818 and 1838 and show individual counties, later coloured in outline. Mostly engraved by Neale & Roper.    The Dugdale maps generally show more detail, so smaller villages will be noted.

There's an Eden map of "Windsor and Part of the Forest" 1800.  It looks rather like Rocque's Berkshire!  Did he take up the business or plates? Or is it a confusion with Faden?

William FADEN 1750-1836
Entry from “Antique maps”
  Following the death of Thomas Jefferys in 1771 William Faden took over and continued the business, trading as Faden and Jefferys and producing excellent maps well into the nineteenth century. He was particularly interested in the mapping of North America for which he was as well known as his predecessor. In addition to the atlases mentioned below, he issued many special collections of large-scale and regional maps prepared for customers' individual requirements. All his work was of splendid quality and he was chosen to print the four sheets of the first Ordnance Survey map - of Kent - which was published in 1801.
His business was taken over by James Wyld who re-issued many of his maps.
     1775 World Map
     c. 1777 North American Atlas
     1777 The British Colonies in North America
              Numerous re-issues to 1820, and others by James Wyld until c. 1840
     1778 General Atlas (large folio)
     1781 The Roads of Great Britain Numerous re-issues to c. 1833
     1785 The United States of North America
     1793 Petit Neptune Francaise
     1797 General Atlas Various re-issues containing collections of different maps
     1798 Atlases minimus universalis
     1799 Re-issue of maps ;  Devonshire by Benjamin Donn ;  Staffordshire by William Yates

Public Records Office leaflet ref.RI2177 “Records of the Ordnance Survey” published 2000
Faden was chosen to publish the first official OS map (of Kent) in 1801

Archibald FULLERTON & Co  fl. 1834-50
Extract from “"County Maps & Histories - Berkshire"
  Gazetteers and popular atlases were a speciality of Fullerton & Co.  The firm started in Glasgow, expanding to Edinburgh and London in 1843 and Dublin in 1845.
  Between 1833 and 1837 they published the four volumes of James Bell's  "A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales".  It was illustrated with forty-four maps, including the individual English counties, each adorned with an attractive vignette view.
  These were re-used in "The Parliamentary Gazetteer" about ten years later, updated only by the addition of the railway lines.  However, the new Gazetteer was successful and ran to several editions in the 1840s.

Christopher GREENWOOD 1786-1855
John GREENWOOD fl. 1821-40
Entry from “Antique maps”
  The Greenwoods were among the notable firms of publishers in the period 1820-50 who attempted to produce large-scale maps of the counties in competition with the Ordnance Survey Office. In the long run their efforts were unsuccessful but before giving up the struggle they published between the years 1817 and 1830 a series of splendid large-scale folding maps of most of the counties based on their own surveys. Unfortunately, they were unable to complete the series and instead, in 1834, published an Atlas of the Counties of England, a very handsome work, often hand coloured, each map having a vignette of an important building in the county.
     1817-30 Large-scale maps of all the counties except Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire,
                   Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire and Rutland
     1834 Atlas of the Counties of England

Entry from "English Maps - a History"
   C.Greenwood [was] arguably the most distinguished figure in the last years of the private surveyor's heyday

Entry from “British Maps & Map-makers”
  Two fine series of county maps at 1" to the mile, surveyed and published by A.Bryant and C.&J.Greenwood respectively, 1820-1834, are typical of this period.  Though very like the O.S. maps in most respects, they were better because such important details as the county, Hundred and parish boundaries were made clear in "Explanations".

This text from “Byway & Bridlway Extra 01.05.01”, article entitled "Ten day wonder"
  [referring to DETR Inspector's decision FPS/A3200/7/83 & 8/36 22 November 2000]
Another factor in establishing BOAT status for one of the two RUPPs was its description as a 'cross road’ in Greenwood’s map of 1827. Mr Bryant notes that Greenwood was of a much later generation than Burdett (1770s), the cartographer who featured in Hollins v. Oldham.
More importantly, in the intervening years the ‘cartographic watershed’ of the emergence of the OS had occurred. Greenwood had taken full advantage of this event and had plagiarised OS material. All in all, Greenwood’s reputation is at least equal to Burdett’s in evidential terms; so if Greenwood depicts a way as a ‘cross road’, there is a rebuttable presumption that it is a public carriageway or a public bridleway. That said, if no other reasonably adjacent vehicular capable highway offers an equally commodious linkage between the centres of population or human activity, there must be some inference that his ‘cross-road’ is a public carriageway.

Inferior plagiarists of C&J Greenwood perhaps??

   1829  Lancaster

William Colling HOBSON
   1847  Yorkshire

Thomas JEFFERYS  ?-1771
   1766  Oxfordshire
Entry from “British Maps & Map-makers”
Thomas Jefferys as also an expert surveyor and a map publisher. In 1752, indeed, he had issued the last known edition of Saxton's atlas from the scratched and battered old plates.  He became Geographer to the King, and from 1766 onwards he surveyed, engraved and published several county maps which set a new standard in cartography.

Publishers of road maps

See also Bowen
1749 Map of Yorkshire

William LEWIS
Tidbits I have picked up
    1819  New Traveller's Guide - a pocket edition of the English Counties
    1831 county maps from Lewis' Topographical Dictionary were mostly drawn by Creighton.
The Lewis maps are much finely engraved and printed. One or two show the very early railways.
The paper quality of the Lewis maps is superior. Consequently, even those coloured back before Queen Victoria was crowned show up fresh and clear.

Thomas MILNE

Herman MOLL
   1724  Fifty New and Correct maps for England and Wales

Thomas MOULE 1784-1851
Extract from “Antique maps”
  Thomas Moule was a writer on heraldry and antiquities born in 1784 at St Marylebone in London. He carried on business as a bookseller in Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, from about 1816 until 1823, when he became Inspector of 'blind' letters in the General Post Office.
  The well-known series of County Maps which are known as 'Moules' were first published in separate sections for each county in 1830-32 and they were then published in collected form in a two-volume work: The English Counties Delineated: or a Topographical Description of England: Illustrated by a Complete Series of County Maps by Thomas Moule: London: Published by George Virtue 1836. Further editions were brought out by Virtue (some with original hand-colouring of the maps) until about 1839. In 1841 the maps appeared in a publication entitled Barclays Complete and Universal English Dictionary with additions to the original plates showing the railways which had been constructed. They are the last series of decorative county maps to be published and are an elegant addition to any collection of maps.
    1836 The English Counties Delineated (4to) 1836-39 Re-issued
    1841 Re-issued as Barclays Complete and Universal English Dictionary 1842, 1848, 1850, 1852

1834 Halifax

NEALE - see Dugdale

   1711  Yorkshire

John OGILBY 1600-76
Entry from “Antique maps”
Ogilby, one of the more colourful figures associated with cartography, started life as a dancing master and finished as the King's Cosmographer and Geographic Printer. In the course of an eventful life he built a theatre in Dublin, became the Deputy Master of Revels in Ireland, translated various Greek and Latin works and built up a book publishing business: in the process he twice lost all he possessed, first in a shipwreck during the Civil Wars and then in the Great Fire. Even this disaster he turned to advantage by being appointed to the Commission of Survey following the fire. Finally he turned to printing again and in a few short years organized a survey of all the main post roads in the country and published the first practical road Atlas, the Britannia, which was to have far-reaching effects on future map making. The maps, engraved in strip form, give details of the roads themselves and descriptive notes of the country on either side, each strip having a compass rose to indicate changes in direction. He was the first to use the standard mile of 1,760 yards. The Britannia was to have been part of a much larger project in 5 or 6 volumes, covering maps of all the counties, a survey of London and various town plans as well as maps of other parts of the world, but this proved too great a task and only the works detailed below were issued.
     1670 An Accurate Description and Complete History of Africa
     1670-71 An Accurate Description and Complete History of America Based on De Nieuwe en
                   Onbekende Wereld  by Arnold Montanus 1673 German issue (Dr O.Dapper)
     1672-73 Maps of Kent and Middlesex
     1673 An Accurate Description and Complete History of Asia (Part I)
     1675 Britannia - a Geographical and Historical Description of the Principal Roads thereof
        1675-76 2 further  re-issues
        1675 Re-issue as Itinerarium Angliae with out text
        1698 Re-issue of first edition with shorter text
     1676-77 Survey of London (with Wm Morgan ft.1676-81)
     1678 Map of Essex

Entry from "English Maps - a History"
Ogilby's Brittania presented for the first time, in remarkable detail, a cartographic
portrayal of the roads themselves.

Entry from “British Maps & Map-makers”
  [Ogilby's] maps of kent, Essex and Middlesex, 1670-78, though small, revived Norden's cartographic principles. They showed roads in double lines and hamlets as small circles, there was a marginal index and many special symbols for Post-towns and the like set out in "a Table".
  Ogilby was aware that such maps would hardly help travellers. As skilled a surveyor as Norden, Ogilby had more organizing ability…   In 1675 he published Britannia, Volume I in which, on 100 large plates, all the roads of England and Wales were engraved to a scale of one inch to a mile. Such a road-atlas had never been produced, hardly imagined, and in interest and clearness the maps surpass our modern motoring maps.
  The value of Ogilby's roads was at once realized, and thenceforward no maps were without roads.  TheBrittania itself was four times re-published, and a crowd of road-atlases and road-maps based upon it but reduced to handy sizes appeared from 1700 on to 1794.

   1705  Yorkshire
   1715  Oxfordshire

John OWEN fl. 1720
See Bowen

Lt.Col Daniel PATERSON
    1772  Direct & principal Cross Roads in Great Britain
    1785  British Itinerary
    1808  Road Book
    1808  Road Book   ed. by Mogg

Publishers of road maps

Thomas PRIDE   fl.1758-1797
Extract from "County Maps & Histories - Berkshire"
 (referring to his 1790 map "Reading and the Country Adjacent)
The scale of one-and-a-half inches to the mile allows a wealth of detail on the map.  The many turnpikes reflect the number of Turnpike Trusts set up in the eighteenth century in an attempt to improve stretches of roads.
  Thomas Pride was an estate surveyor based in Bloomsbury, London , so the emphasis on estates may derive from this experience.  More importantly, the map was a commercial venture.  It would have been vital for pride to depict the estates with care as the estate owners - he hoped - would be buying the map.

Extract from Pride's own title to "Reading"
A TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP of the TOWN of READING & the COUNTRY adjacent to an Extent of TEN MILES; describing the Main and Crofs Roads; also the SEATS and PARKS of the Nobility and Gentry; the Towns, Parifhes, Hamlets, Tithings, Villages, Farms, Rivers, Brooks, Woods, Hills, Valleys, Heaths, Commons, and every remarkable Place within the Survey.

James PIGOT and Co. fl. 1829-35
Entry from “Antique maps”
   1829  British Atlas of the Counties of England 1831-44 7 re-issues
            1846  Re-issued by Isaac Slater as British Atlas
   1835  Pocket Topography and Gazetteer of England 1842 Re-issued

   1792   Topography (road maps)

John ROCQUE c. 1704-62
Entry from “Antique maps”
Little is known of John Rocque's early life except that he was of Huguenot extraction and was living and working in London as an engraver from about 1734. His early experience in preparing plans of great houses and gardens for the nobility led him to take up large-scale surveying for which he developed a distinctive and effective style involving new ways of indicating land use and hill contours. He is best known for a very large-scale plan of London published in 1746 and for a pocket set of county maps, The English Traveller, issued in the same year. He spent some years in Ireland surveying for estate maps and in 1756 he published a well-known Exact Survey of the City of Dublin.
     1746 An exact survey of the Cities of London and Westminster: 24 sheets, scale 26 in. to 1 mile
     1747,1748,1751,1769 Re-issued
     1746 The English Traveller (8vo)
     1753, 1762, 1764 Re-issued as the Small British Atlas
     1748 Environs of London   1763, 1769 re-issued
     1750 Plan of Bristol
     1752 The Quartermaster's Map (Thomas Jenner)
     1752-65 Large-scale maps of Shropshire, Middlesex, Berkshire, Surrey
     1753 Small British Atlas (8vo) 1762, 1764 Re-issued
     1769 Re-issued as England Displayed
     1756 An Exact Survey of the City of Dublin: 4 sheets
     1760 County of Dublin: 4 sheets 1799, 1802 Reduced versions issued by Laurie and Whittle
     1761 A general map of North America
     c. 1763-65 A set of Plans and Forts in America (published by Mary A. Rocque)
     1764 A collection of Plans of The Principal Cities of Great Britain and Ireland

Extract from Rocque's own preamble to "Berkshire"
  With the Main and Cross roads, Bridleways, … etc.

Entry from "English Maps - a History"
   Rocque ... stands as the outstanding cartographer of the period

Extract from the Introductory notes by Paul Laxton to a reprint of Rocque's Berkshire, published by H.Margary 1973
  John Rocque was a map-maker of very considerable reputation.
Open and enclosed roads are mapped, together with the great majority of minor roads and lanes, though the map is not an infallible guide to all minor trackways.

ROPER -  see Dugdale

John SENEX  1690-1740
Entry from “Antique maps”
Publisher and engraver, John Senex was a contemporary of Herman Moll and no doubt, to some extent, a rival, though his output was rather smaller. In conjunction with Charles Price and James Maxwell (1708-14) he produced some fine maps of the world and the continents as well as loose maps of various countries. Apart from these he seems to have had a particular interest in road maps and in 1719 he issued a corrected edition of Ogilby's Britannia in miniature form which went through many editions.
     c.1710 (with Charles Price) A New Map of Great Britain
     1711 Atlas (20 maps published without title)
     1712 Map of Ireland
     1714 The English Atlas
     1719 An actual survey of all the principal roads of England and Wales (8vo)
          Numerous re-issues up to c. 1775 including a French edition in 1766
     1719 World and the Continents
     1721 A new General Atlas of the World (small folio)
     1723 Hertfordshire Re-issue of John Norden's map first published in 1593-98

Charles SMITH
   1804  New English Atlas


William YATES
   1775  Staffordshire
   1786 Lancashire

The Ordnance Survey

Early OS series
First Edition or Topographical Map (One inch) completed 1853
 Accompanying "Original Names Books " mostly lost, but a few counties survive in PRO Kew
County Plans (Six inch) 1846-1896
Parish Plans (Twenty-five inch) 1846-1893

Entry from “Antique maps”
  The complete First Edition (or Old Series as it has become known) of one inch to one mile maps was finished by 1873: the New Series on the six and 25 inch scales, after much revision and resurveying, was finally completed in 1893. Printing was only in black and white but individual examples were sold hand-coloured, often in bound volumes, by many of the official agents. Then, late in the 1890s, printed partially coloured copies became available, followed in 1912 by full colour printing.
  By contrast with the flamboyance of the engravings made for Saxton, the first Ordnance maps, although still engraved on copper plates, were plain, even austere ; they bore no list of symbols, but the delineation of geographical features was beautifully clear. The methods of shading and hachuring to show the heights of hills was not considered satisfactory and, starting in 1843, they were eventually replaced by the use of contour lines as we know them. Basically, apart from constant revision and refinement, the maps remain the same today and few countries anywhere can boast of so complete and meticulous a system of mapping.
Sources / text books
"Ordnance Survey Maps - a concise guide for Historians"
    by Richard Oliver, University of Exeter
published 1993   Charles Close Society  ISBN unknown
Useful extracts from above for the RoW worker  (the bracketed refs are to OS instructions to surveyors, originals should be available in the Public Record office at Kew) :

Notes on the depiction of detail - P.57
Footpaths and Bridleways were not normally identified as such … before c.1883.
From 1883 onwards footpaths were shown by "F.P.", 'the object of F.P. being that the Public may not mistake them for roads traversable by horses or wheeled traffic' (SC 16:2:83)
From 1884, Bridle roads were shown by "B.R." (SC 13:2:1884)

Roads and Ways - P.68
Gates … 'All gates and Toll gates across roads and tracks will be shown closed' (RB63, B60)
A solid line closing off a thoroughfare may reasonably be interpreted as a gate.

Roads and Ways - P.68
Posts 'preventing vehicle access' are shown by dots and annotated. (RB63, B69)

Names - P.61
This is a long passage, but in essence the O.S. got the best authority they could i.e. local magistrates or dignitaries when possible.

List of Abbreviations
C.R  - Centre of Road       as in a boundary definition - does NOT mean Carriage Road or Cart Road!!
Apparently the 1893 Dorrington Committee concluded that no inquiry by the surveyors could determine whether a path was a public or private route.
Apparently the 1905 instructions for Field Examiners state: "the OS does not concern itself with rights of way and Survey employees are not to inquire into them".

OS map edition numbers from the mid 1920s to 1946

This subject is dealt with in: Richard Oliver, `Edition codes on Ordnance Survey maps', Sheetlines 22 (Charles Close Society organ), August 1988, 4-7.
 On 1-inch and smaller-scale maps the `quantity codes' used up to the turn of 1946-7 signify thousands, and the letters (where present) the `site' where printed so that 10045/Ch signifies 10,000 copies printed in 1945 at OS, Chessington.
 But this explanation DOESN'T work with the 1:25,000, where the quantities printed were usually in the range of 100 to 1000, and often under 500.